Republika Online - English RSS Feed http://www.republika.co.id Fri, 23 Oct 2020 18:02:14 +0700 http://www.republika.co.id/ id hourly 1 http://www.republika.co.id/files/images/1republika.co.id_03.png Republika Online http://www.republika.co.id Jokowi and Prabowo attend virtual UGM Forestry anniversary https://republika.co.id/berita/qininq291/jokowi-and-prabowo-attend-virtual-ugm-forestry-anniversary https://republika.co.id/berita/qininq291/jokowi-and-prabowo-attend-virtual-ugm-forestry-anniversary Fri, 23 Oct 2020 18:02:14 +0700 Fernan Rahadi https://republika.co.id/berita/qininq291/jokowi-and-prabowo-attend-virtual-ugm-forestry-anniversary REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, SLEMAN -- The Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University (UGM), held an Open Senate Session of the 57th Anniversary. President Joko Widodo and Defense Minister Prabowo Subianto both attended the event virtually.

In his briefing, Jokowi said that people and forests both experience a process of evolution of roles and contributions. For traditional society, forests provide the basic needs of the surrounding community, such as food and medicines.

For agrarian society, forests become areas for expanding agricultural and livestock activities. For industrial communities, forests play a role as a source of raw materials, while for post-industrial communities forests act as a basis for community services.

In reality, Jokowi continued, agrarian and forest-based industrialization are still important economic sectors.  However, these concepts are often contradicted by post-industry concepts which tend to be conservative.

For that, he hopes, the UGM Faculty of Forestry can find common ground. Jokowi emphasized that this is a duty to learn and develop new concepts and one that should be taken into account by the use of digital precursor forestry technology. 

Jokowi believes that the Faculty of Forestry UGM can develop innovations in this era of disruption.

"And, reading disruption to jump forward in Indonesian forestry. Once again, congratulations on the 57th Anniversary of the Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University. Keep contributing to the progress of Indonesia," said Jokowi, Friday (23/10).

Meanwhile, in his speech, Prabowo felt the theme "Forestry Sector Support for National Food Sovereignty" is very relevant because Indonesia's forests have a strategic role to play in providing land for food development.

He said forestry has a crucial role in national defense. Fulfilling food needs and realizing food security, food self-sufficiency, especially food sovereignty, must become a collective determination to make it happen.

"Therefore, I have high hopes for the Faculty of Forestry UGM to play an active role in optimizing the forestry sector in achieving one of the national strategic goals in the food sector," said Prabowo.

 

]]>
REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, SLEMAN -- The Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University (UGM), held an Open Senate Session of the 57th Anniversary. President Joko Widodo and Defense Minister Prabowo Subianto both attended the event virtually.

In his briefing, Jokowi said that people and forests both experience a process of evolution of roles and contributions. For traditional society, forests provide the basic needs of the surrounding community, such as food and medicines.

For agrarian society, forests become areas for expanding agricultural and livestock activities. For industrial communities, forests play a role as a source of raw materials, while for post-industrial communities forests act as a basis for community services.

In reality, Jokowi continued, agrarian and forest-based industrialization are still important economic sectors.  However, these concepts are often contradicted by post-industry concepts which tend to be conservative.

For that, he hopes, the UGM Faculty of Forestry can find common ground. Jokowi emphasized that this is a duty to learn and develop new concepts and one that should be taken into account by the use of digital precursor forestry technology. 

Jokowi believes that the Faculty of Forestry UGM can develop innovations in this era of disruption.

"And, reading disruption to jump forward in Indonesian forestry. Once again, congratulations on the 57th Anniversary of the Faculty of Forestry, Gadjah Mada University. Keep contributing to the progress of Indonesia," said Jokowi, Friday (23/10).

Meanwhile, in his speech, Prabowo felt the theme "Forestry Sector Support for National Food Sovereignty" is very relevant because Indonesia's forests have a strategic role to play in providing land for food development.

He said forestry has a crucial role in national defense. Fulfilling food needs and realizing food security, food self-sufficiency, especially food sovereignty, must become a collective determination to make it happen.

"Therefore, I have high hopes for the Faculty of Forestry UGM to play an active role in optimizing the forestry sector in achieving one of the national strategic goals in the food sector," said Prabowo.

 

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    • ]]> Wahyu Suryana Fernan Rahadi joko widodo, prabowo subianto, forestry faculty UGM, fakultas kehutanan UGM Health workers standby for long holidays https://republika.co.id/berita/qiltrs291/health-workers-standby-for-long-holidays https://republika.co.id/berita/qiltrs291/health-workers-standby-for-long-holidays Thu, 22 Oct 2020 20:07:04 +0700 Fernan Rahadi https://republika.co.id/berita/qiltrs291/health-workers-standby-for-long-holidays REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, YOGYAKARTA - The Yogyakarta Regional Government has alerted health workers to face a long holiday at the end of October 2020 so that health services can continue to run during long holidays.

      "Health workers in all health facilities in Yogyakarta are running like we are facing religious holidays. Like Idul Fitri and other holidays that are long weekends," said the Head of the Yogyakarta Health Service (Dinkes), Pembayun Setyaningastutie, after a coordination meeting to anticipate Covid-19 during a long holiday at the Kepatihan Complex, Yogyakarta, Thursday (22/10).

      During the long holiday, the health workers who are alerted will take turns, both in hospitals and the health center in DIY. Thus, service to the community during long holidays is still optimal. Likewise, the laboratory for examining Covid-19 samples will still operate during the long holiday.

      "During the holidays, the laboratory remains open to serve the public. It's just that there are some schedules where there are watch schedules in the laboratory," Pembayun said.

      The Governor of Yogyakarta Special Region, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, said awareness to implement health protocols become crucial in preventing the transmission of Covid-19, especially during the holiday period at the end of October 2020 where the number of tourists coming to DIY has expected to increase.

      ]]>
      REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, YOGYAKARTA - The Yogyakarta Regional Government has alerted health workers to face a long holiday at the end of October 2020 so that health services can continue to run during long holidays.

      "Health workers in all health facilities in Yogyakarta are running like we are facing religious holidays. Like Idul Fitri and other holidays that are long weekends," said the Head of the Yogyakarta Health Service (Dinkes), Pembayun Setyaningastutie, after a coordination meeting to anticipate Covid-19 during a long holiday at the Kepatihan Complex, Yogyakarta, Thursday (22/10).

      During the long holiday, the health workers who are alerted will take turns, both in hospitals and the health center in DIY. Thus, service to the community during long holidays is still optimal. Likewise, the laboratory for examining Covid-19 samples will still operate during the long holiday.

      "During the holidays, the laboratory remains open to serve the public. It's just that there are some schedules where there are watch schedules in the laboratory," Pembayun said.

      The Governor of Yogyakarta Special Region, Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono X, said awareness to implement health protocols become crucial in preventing the transmission of Covid-19, especially during the holiday period at the end of October 2020 where the number of tourists coming to DIY has expected to increase.

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        • ]]> Silvy Dian Setiawan Fernan Rahadi health workers, tenaga kesehatan, tourism, tourist, yogyakarta UGM and Whatsapp help women fight political hoaxes https://republika.co.id/berita/qihsuj291/ugm-and-whatsapp-help-women-fight-political-hoaxes https://republika.co.id/berita/qihsuj291/ugm-and-whatsapp-help-women-fight-political-hoaxes Tue, 20 Oct 2020 15:56:43 +0700 Fernan Rahadi https://republika.co.id/berita/qihsuj291/ugm-and-whatsapp-help-women-fight-political-hoaxes REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, YOGYAKARTA -- Ahead of the 2020 Pilkada event, there is a possibility of spreading hoaxes and hate speech on various social media platforms, one of which is Whatsapp.

          To anticipate hoax attacks, Gadjah Mada University (UGM) and Whatsapp launched a training program with the theme "Women Against Political Hoaxes on Whatsapp Group in the 2020 elections". This training will take place from October 19th to October 23th 2020.

          The training is a continuation of the research entitled "Whatsapp Group and Indonesian Women's Digital Literacy" published earlier this year by the UGM Department of Communication. The Head of UGM Communication Master Program, Novi Kurnia, revealed the reason why this research was targeting women.

          "For most women, Whatsapp is an extension of social life where more than half of their Whatsapp groups are family and friends.  As many as 70 percent of the 1.250 female respondents claimed to have up to ten Whatsapp groups, which often become places for them to be exposed to hoaxes and disinformation, "said Novi when interviewed by Republika via Whatsapp, Monday (19/10).

          Novi gave an example in Makassar where an average of 58 percent of women received one to three misleading messages from their group every day. "More than three-quarters of the messages are related to politics," said Novi, who is also the training coordinator.

          This training will be held in four selected cities and districts, namely South Tangerang, Mamuju, Tomohon, and Makassar. These four locations were identified by the General Election Supervisory Agency (Bawaslu) and the General Election Commission (KPU) as areas prone to conflict due to disinformation.

          "This training is limited to 96 women in four cities, with an age limit of 23-50 years. Because this training aims to invite participants to become digital literacy agents, they are expected to be active in their respective communities," said Novi.

          APAC's Whatsapp Public Policy Director, Clair Deevy believes that technology and improving digital literacy can be a solution to this issue. Hesaid Whatsapp is a technology that has the best spam detection.

          "With this technology, Whatsapp detects accounts that exhibit suspicious behavior, such as a new registered account that suddenly sends a large number of messages at once. These accounts are usually misused to spread spam and hoaxes," Deevy said.

          Deevy continued, Whatsapp still advises its users to always check the correctness of messages received before sharing them. Users are also advised to always refer to important information to trusted and official sources.

          "Therefore, we are very enthusiastic about working with institutions like UGM to further encourage the involvement of Whatsapp users in fighting hoaxes and disinformation," she said in a press release.

          ]]>
          REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, YOGYAKARTA -- Ahead of the 2020 Pilkada event, there is a possibility of spreading hoaxes and hate speech on various social media platforms, one of which is Whatsapp.

          To anticipate hoax attacks, Gadjah Mada University (UGM) and Whatsapp launched a training program with the theme "Women Against Political Hoaxes on Whatsapp Group in the 2020 elections". This training will take place from October 19th to October 23th 2020.

          The training is a continuation of the research entitled "Whatsapp Group and Indonesian Women's Digital Literacy" published earlier this year by the UGM Department of Communication. The Head of UGM Communication Master Program, Novi Kurnia, revealed the reason why this research was targeting women.

          "For most women, Whatsapp is an extension of social life where more than half of their Whatsapp groups are family and friends.  As many as 70 percent of the 1.250 female respondents claimed to have up to ten Whatsapp groups, which often become places for them to be exposed to hoaxes and disinformation, "said Novi when interviewed by Republika via Whatsapp, Monday (19/10).

          Novi gave an example in Makassar where an average of 58 percent of women received one to three misleading messages from their group every day. "More than three-quarters of the messages are related to politics," said Novi, who is also the training coordinator.

          This training will be held in four selected cities and districts, namely South Tangerang, Mamuju, Tomohon, and Makassar. These four locations were identified by the General Election Supervisory Agency (Bawaslu) and the General Election Commission (KPU) as areas prone to conflict due to disinformation.

          "This training is limited to 96 women in four cities, with an age limit of 23-50 years. Because this training aims to invite participants to become digital literacy agents, they are expected to be active in their respective communities," said Novi.

          APAC's Whatsapp Public Policy Director, Clair Deevy believes that technology and improving digital literacy can be a solution to this issue. Hesaid Whatsapp is a technology that has the best spam detection.

          "With this technology, Whatsapp detects accounts that exhibit suspicious behavior, such as a new registered account that suddenly sends a large number of messages at once. These accounts are usually misused to spread spam and hoaxes," Deevy said.

          Deevy continued, Whatsapp still advises its users to always check the correctness of messages received before sharing them. Users are also advised to always refer to important information to trusted and official sources.

          "Therefore, we are very enthusiastic about working with institutions like UGM to further encourage the involvement of Whatsapp users in fighting hoaxes and disinformation," she said in a press release.

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            • ]]> my32 Fernan Rahadi whatsapp, women, perempuan, digital literacy Kemenparekraf optimizes storytelling to promote products https://republika.co.id/berita/qfwfaz291/kemenparekraf-optimizes-storytelling-to-promote-products https://republika.co.id/berita/qfwfaz291/kemenparekraf-optimizes-storytelling-to-promote-products Mon, 31 Aug 2020 05:08:00 +0700 Fernan Rahadi https://republika.co.id/berita/qfwfaz291/kemenparekraf-optimizes-storytelling-to-promote-products REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA -- The Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy (Kemenparekraf)/the Tourism and Creative Economy Board (Baparekraf) optimizes the use of design and storytelling in developing and marketing products of tourism and creative economy (Parekraf) actors.

              Director of Strategic Studies at the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy (Kemenparekraf), Wawan Russiawan, emphasized the importance of using strong designs and narratives for tourism and creative economy actors in marketing their products so that they increasingly attract consumer attention.

              "We have a lot of products. Unfortunately Parekraf actors do not yet have the ability to implement a product into an attractive design and strong narrative. Therefore, design and narrative are very important things that tourism and creative economy players must have in order to create extraordinary products," said Wawan on Friday (28/8).

              To support this, creative economy actors must first carry out a fairly complete data assessment. Because Wawan assesses the importance of completeness of data in any case, including for a product that will move someone to decide to buy.

              "When we talk about data, data is an important component in research activities and study studies. We can transform data into information which ultimately becomes the basis for making correct decisions," said Wawan.

              Therefore, Kemenparekraf/Baparekraf held an online seminar on Inclusive Talk About Metadata (BISMA). Through this activity, Parekraf business actors are equipped with understanding as well as being able to share knowledge regarding how to make designs and narratives properly and interestingly as well as a means of gathering data-based information on Parekraf actors.

              This online seminar presented two speakers, designer Sugeng Untung and film producer and book writer Handoko Hendroyono.

              In his presentation, Handoko Hendroyono, said that storytelling is very important for conscious consumers. Namely to raise a sense of care and awareness of kindness and responsibility.

              "For example, when consumers drink coffee, they have a big curiosity about the background of the coffee, such as who the farmer is, how to process coffee, types of coffee, the benefits of coffee, etc. We can pack information like this. through good storytelling," Handoko said.

              With storytelling, Parekraf actors can introduce a product or work by telling the value or meaning contained in it. Thus, creating a positive impression or energy that touches the heart and creates an emotional connection between the product and its consumers.

              Handoko suggested that when Parekraf actors make a product they must start with the correct narrative. Narrative is not always in the form of a story line but also a strategy line.

              Designer Sugeng Untung added that apart from narration, another important thing that needs to be considered in developing and marketing a product is design. "In the global era, product manufacturers must find out what consumers need and want. Although, the consumers themselves have not actually thought about the product. In that context, a product must be adaptive to the developments and changes of the times," said Sugeng.

              He continued, the era and the mindset of consumers will greatly affect the existence of a product. "The desire of consumers for a product grows along with the changing times. For example a fan. In the past, fans had a standard model and design. But along with the development and consumer needs, the fan design also changes with various types," said Sugeng.

              Therefore, he emphasized, design and storytelling have great value for a product. "All products must have a design and storytelling. There is not a single product in the world that is not designed. Design is the process of solving problems, solutions and innovation, as well as interactions that lead to customer satisfaction. Good products will sell. If they don't sell, there will be mistakes in the design," said Sugeng.

              Therefore, he emphasized, it is important for Parekraf actors to pay attention to the design of a product. Because an attractive design is able to make the product more attractive to consumers.

               

              ]]>
              REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA -- The Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy (Kemenparekraf)/the Tourism and Creative Economy Board (Baparekraf) optimizes the use of design and storytelling in developing and marketing products of tourism and creative economy (Parekraf) actors.

              Director of Strategic Studies at the Ministry of Tourism and Creative Economy (Kemenparekraf), Wawan Russiawan, emphasized the importance of using strong designs and narratives for tourism and creative economy actors in marketing their products so that they increasingly attract consumer attention.

              "We have a lot of products. Unfortunately Parekraf actors do not yet have the ability to implement a product into an attractive design and strong narrative. Therefore, design and narrative are very important things that tourism and creative economy players must have in order to create extraordinary products," said Wawan on Friday (28/8).

              To support this, creative economy actors must first carry out a fairly complete data assessment. Because Wawan assesses the importance of completeness of data in any case, including for a product that will move someone to decide to buy.

              "When we talk about data, data is an important component in research activities and study studies. We can transform data into information which ultimately becomes the basis for making correct decisions," said Wawan.

              Therefore, Kemenparekraf/Baparekraf held an online seminar on Inclusive Talk About Metadata (BISMA). Through this activity, Parekraf business actors are equipped with understanding as well as being able to share knowledge regarding how to make designs and narratives properly and interestingly as well as a means of gathering data-based information on Parekraf actors.

              This online seminar presented two speakers, designer Sugeng Untung and film producer and book writer Handoko Hendroyono.

              In his presentation, Handoko Hendroyono, said that storytelling is very important for conscious consumers. Namely to raise a sense of care and awareness of kindness and responsibility.

              "For example, when consumers drink coffee, they have a big curiosity about the background of the coffee, such as who the farmer is, how to process coffee, types of coffee, the benefits of coffee, etc. We can pack information like this. through good storytelling," Handoko said.

              With storytelling, Parekraf actors can introduce a product or work by telling the value or meaning contained in it. Thus, creating a positive impression or energy that touches the heart and creates an emotional connection between the product and its consumers.

              Handoko suggested that when Parekraf actors make a product they must start with the correct narrative. Narrative is not always in the form of a story line but also a strategy line.

              Designer Sugeng Untung added that apart from narration, another important thing that needs to be considered in developing and marketing a product is design. "In the global era, product manufacturers must find out what consumers need and want. Although, the consumers themselves have not actually thought about the product. In that context, a product must be adaptive to the developments and changes of the times," said Sugeng.

              He continued, the era and the mindset of consumers will greatly affect the existence of a product. "The desire of consumers for a product grows along with the changing times. For example a fan. In the past, fans had a standard model and design. But along with the development and consumer needs, the fan design also changes with various types," said Sugeng.

              Therefore, he emphasized, design and storytelling have great value for a product. "All products must have a design and storytelling. There is not a single product in the world that is not designed. Design is the process of solving problems, solutions and innovation, as well as interactions that lead to customer satisfaction. Good products will sell. If they don't sell, there will be mistakes in the design," said Sugeng.

              Therefore, he emphasized, it is important for Parekraf actors to pay attention to the design of a product. Because an attractive design is able to make the product more attractive to consumers.

               

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                • ]]> Fernan Rahadi kemenparekraf, baparekraf, online seminar, seminar daring Jember becomes a climate smart agriculture pilot https://republika.co.id/berita/qcf9vo291/jember-becomes-a-climate-smart-agriculture-pilot https://republika.co.id/berita/qcf9vo291/jember-becomes-a-climate-smart-agriculture-pilot Wed, 24 Jun 2020 15:36:00 +0700 Fernan Rahadi https://republika.co.id/berita/qcf9vo291/jember-becomes-a-climate-smart-agriculture-pilot REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JEMBER -- Four Agricultural Counseling Centers (BPP) in Jember will be the pilot applications for climate smart agriculture (CSA) over the next four years. The four chosen BPPs are Ajung, Balung, Ambulu, and Gumukmas.

                  Minister of Agriculture Syahrul Yasin Limpo invited farmers and extension workers in Jember to be more enthusiastic in farming. "Farmers and extension workers are the frontline in agriculture. They cannot stop, because agriculture cannot stop under any circumstances," Syahrul said said in a press statement on Tuesday (23/6).

                  He advised farmers to continue implementing the Covid-19 prevention protocol. This needs to be done so that farmers and extension workers are healthy and their productivity increases.

                  Head of the Agricultural Human Resource Extension and Development Agency (BPPSDMP) Dedi Nursyamsi said farmers and extension workers could implement and develop CSA  through the SIMURP project which will be implemented in Jember Regency, East Java.  This CSA is implemented in anticipation of the effects of global climate change.

                  "Moreover, Indonesia is expected to experience a long dry season. For this reason, extension workers and farmers must immediately accelerate planting so that in the remainder of the rainy season farmers can still harvest, to maintain food availability and security," he said.

                  Dedi said, strengthening food security can be started from the family by utilizing a yard that can be planted with personal medicinal plants.  Vegetables, goat or chicken livestock, and fish ponds can also be made there. Whereas paddy fields can be planted with intercropping systems, such as rice and vegetable crops.

                  In Jember, four BPP were prepared by establishing prospective farmers and prospective CSA locations. Many things have been done especially in the four BPP target areas which will become the location of the application of climate smart agriculture.

                  Based on available data, the number of extension workers at the BPP Ajung is 17 people. They can foster 145 farmer groups (poktan) and 23 combined farmer groups (gapoktan) and their main commodities are rice and corn. While in BPP Balung, the number of extension workers is 22 people and is able to foster 181 farmer groups and 22 combined farmer groups and their main commodities are rice, corn, cabbage, chillies and tobacco.

                  In BPP Ambulu, the number of extension workers is 24 people who are able to foster 171 farmer groups and 28 combined farmer groups with the main commodities are rice, corn, soybeans and tobacco. While BPP Gumukmas number of extension workers as many as 29 people who are able to foster 238 farmer groups and 29 combined farmer groups with superior commodities of rice and horticultural crops or vegetables.

                  ]]>
                  REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JEMBER -- Four Agricultural Counseling Centers (BPP) in Jember will be the pilot applications for climate smart agriculture (CSA) over the next four years. The four chosen BPPs are Ajung, Balung, Ambulu, and Gumukmas.

                  Minister of Agriculture Syahrul Yasin Limpo invited farmers and extension workers in Jember to be more enthusiastic in farming. "Farmers and extension workers are the frontline in agriculture. They cannot stop, because agriculture cannot stop under any circumstances," Syahrul said said in a press statement on Tuesday (23/6).

                  He advised farmers to continue implementing the Covid-19 prevention protocol. This needs to be done so that farmers and extension workers are healthy and their productivity increases.

                  Head of the Agricultural Human Resource Extension and Development Agency (BPPSDMP) Dedi Nursyamsi said farmers and extension workers could implement and develop CSA  through the SIMURP project which will be implemented in Jember Regency, East Java.  This CSA is implemented in anticipation of the effects of global climate change.

                  "Moreover, Indonesia is expected to experience a long dry season. For this reason, extension workers and farmers must immediately accelerate planting so that in the remainder of the rainy season farmers can still harvest, to maintain food availability and security," he said.

                  Dedi said, strengthening food security can be started from the family by utilizing a yard that can be planted with personal medicinal plants.  Vegetables, goat or chicken livestock, and fish ponds can also be made there. Whereas paddy fields can be planted with intercropping systems, such as rice and vegetable crops.

                  In Jember, four BPP were prepared by establishing prospective farmers and prospective CSA locations. Many things have been done especially in the four BPP target areas which will become the location of the application of climate smart agriculture.

                  Based on available data, the number of extension workers at the BPP Ajung is 17 people. They can foster 145 farmer groups (poktan) and 23 combined farmer groups (gapoktan) and their main commodities are rice and corn. While in BPP Balung, the number of extension workers is 22 people and is able to foster 181 farmer groups and 22 combined farmer groups and their main commodities are rice, corn, cabbage, chillies and tobacco.

                  In BPP Ambulu, the number of extension workers is 24 people who are able to foster 171 farmer groups and 28 combined farmer groups with the main commodities are rice, corn, soybeans and tobacco. While BPP Gumukmas number of extension workers as many as 29 people who are able to foster 238 farmer groups and 29 combined farmer groups with superior commodities of rice and horticultural crops or vegetables.

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                    • ]]> Dadang Kurnia Fernan Rahadi petani jember, jember, jawa timur, kementerian pertanian, syahrul yasin limpo Indonesia Urges OIC to Unite Against Israeli Annexation https://republika.co.id/berita/qbs2cf440/indonesia-urges-oic-to-unite-against-israeli-annexation https://republika.co.id/berita/qbs2cf440/indonesia-urges-oic-to-unite-against-israeli-annexation Fri, 12 Jun 2020 03:02:39 +0700 Elba Damhuri https://republika.co.id/berita/qbs2cf440/indonesia-urges-oic-to-unite-against-israeli-annexation REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA -- Indonesia on Wednesday urged member states of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to unite and mobilize support against Israel's imminent annexation of Palestinian territories.

                      Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi conveyed Indonesia’s stance during the Open-Ended Virtual Extraordinary Meeting of the OIC Executive Committee on Wednesday night.

                      She said any such move during the COVID-19 pandemic will double the pressure on Palestine, damage the peace process, and threaten regional stability.

                      She stressed the annexation, whether in a “de facto” or “formal” manner, is unacceptable and proposed three steps to mobilize support for Palestine.

                      “Firstly, if Israel carries on with the annexation, OIC countries with diplomatic relations with Israel should take diplomatic measures in accordance with various OIC resolutions,” said Marsudi.

                      Secondly, she said the OIC must raise international support against the Israeli annexation at international and multilateral forums, including the UN General Assembly, UN Security Council, and the Human Rights Council.

                      “Lastly, we must encourage the resumption of credible negotiations guided by internationally agreed parameters with the aim to achieve two-state solutions,” she added.

                      The foreign minister said Indonesia supports the two-state solution and believes it is the only way to keep the Palestinian-Israeli peace process alive and take it forward.

                       

                      ]]>
                      REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA -- Indonesia on Wednesday urged member states of the Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) to unite and mobilize support against Israel's imminent annexation of Palestinian territories.

                      Foreign Minister Retno Marsudi conveyed Indonesia’s stance during the Open-Ended Virtual Extraordinary Meeting of the OIC Executive Committee on Wednesday night.

                      She said any such move during the COVID-19 pandemic will double the pressure on Palestine, damage the peace process, and threaten regional stability.

                      She stressed the annexation, whether in a “de facto” or “formal” manner, is unacceptable and proposed three steps to mobilize support for Palestine.

                      “Firstly, if Israel carries on with the annexation, OIC countries with diplomatic relations with Israel should take diplomatic measures in accordance with various OIC resolutions,” said Marsudi.

                      Secondly, she said the OIC must raise international support against the Israeli annexation at international and multilateral forums, including the UN General Assembly, UN Security Council, and the Human Rights Council.

                      “Lastly, we must encourage the resumption of credible negotiations guided by internationally agreed parameters with the aim to achieve two-state solutions,” she added.

                      The foreign minister said Indonesia supports the two-state solution and believes it is the only way to keep the Palestinian-Israeli peace process alive and take it forward.

                       

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                      • OKI Kritik Politikus Prancis yang Pakai Retorika Anti-Islam
                        • ]]> Anadolu Elba Damhuri indonesian, palestine, israel, israeli annexation, indonesia Turkey: Hagia Sophia Not a Matter of International Affairs https://republika.co.id/berita/qbs13f440/turkey-hagia-sophia-not-a-matter-of-international-affairs https://republika.co.id/berita/qbs13f440/turkey-hagia-sophia-not-a-matter-of-international-affairs Fri, 12 Jun 2020 02:35:39 +0700 Elba Damhuri https://republika.co.id/berita/qbs13f440/turkey-hagia-sophia-not-a-matter-of-international-affairs REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, ANKARA -- The Turkish foreign minister on Thursday said Istanbul's Hagia Sophia is "not a matter of international affairs, but a matter of national sovereignty."

                          Speaking in a televised interview, Mevlut Cavusoglu responded to the recent discussions over the possible reopening of Hagia Sophia as a mosque and said the popular site was initially a mosque after conquering of Istanbul.

                          Stressing that no one should comment on freedom of religion in Turkey, Cavusoglu said the steps taken in the last 20 years towards various minorities in the country is evident.

                          Turkey's top diplomat also slammed the US over recently published 2019 Report on International Religious Freedom and said it is "tragicomical" for the US to comment on freedom of religion and human rights.

                          The Hagia Sophia was used as a church for 916 years. In 1453, it was converted into a mosque by Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II when the empire conquered Istanbul.

                          Following the restoration work during the Ottoman era and the adding of minarets by architect Mimar Sinan, the Hagia Sophia became one of the most important works of world architecture.

                          Under the Turkish Republic, it became a museum.

                          Erdogan has underscored the Ottomans converted the building into a mosque instead of razing it, a fate suffered by many mosques taken from Ottomans.

                          Cavusoglu also commented on a recent call by Egypt for a cease-fire in Libya and said the so-called Cairo Declaration is "stillborn".

                          "We can proceed for a binding cease-fire in Libya under the umbrella of United Nations," he added.

                          Following the ouster of late ruler Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, Libya's new government was founded in 2015 under a political deal led by the UN.

                          The internationally recognized government and the western parts of the country have been under attack by warlord Khalifa Haftar's forces since April 2019, with more than 1,000 killed in the violence.

                          The Libyan Army has made significant military gains against Haftar's militias in recent days, capturing all the country's western cities to the Tunisian border and regaining strategic locations, including the Al-Watiya airbase and Tarhuna, which is viewed as a significant blow to Haftar's forces.

                           

                          ]]>
                          REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, ANKARA -- The Turkish foreign minister on Thursday said Istanbul's Hagia Sophia is "not a matter of international affairs, but a matter of national sovereignty."

                          Speaking in a televised interview, Mevlut Cavusoglu responded to the recent discussions over the possible reopening of Hagia Sophia as a mosque and said the popular site was initially a mosque after conquering of Istanbul.

                          Stressing that no one should comment on freedom of religion in Turkey, Cavusoglu said the steps taken in the last 20 years towards various minorities in the country is evident.

                          Turkey's top diplomat also slammed the US over recently published 2019 Report on International Religious Freedom and said it is "tragicomical" for the US to comment on freedom of religion and human rights.

                          The Hagia Sophia was used as a church for 916 years. In 1453, it was converted into a mosque by Ottoman Sultan Mehmet II when the empire conquered Istanbul.

                          Following the restoration work during the Ottoman era and the adding of minarets by architect Mimar Sinan, the Hagia Sophia became one of the most important works of world architecture.

                          Under the Turkish Republic, it became a museum.

                          Erdogan has underscored the Ottomans converted the building into a mosque instead of razing it, a fate suffered by many mosques taken from Ottomans.

                          Cavusoglu also commented on a recent call by Egypt for a cease-fire in Libya and said the so-called Cairo Declaration is "stillborn".

                          "We can proceed for a binding cease-fire in Libya under the umbrella of United Nations," he added.

                          Following the ouster of late ruler Muammar Gaddafi in 2011, Libya's new government was founded in 2015 under a political deal led by the UN.

                          The internationally recognized government and the western parts of the country have been under attack by warlord Khalifa Haftar's forces since April 2019, with more than 1,000 killed in the violence.

                          The Libyan Army has made significant military gains against Haftar's militias in recent days, capturing all the country's western cities to the Tunisian border and regaining strategic locations, including the Al-Watiya airbase and Tarhuna, which is viewed as a significant blow to Haftar's forces.

                           

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                          • OKI Kritik Politikus Prancis yang Pakai Retorika Anti-Islam
                            • ]]> Anadolu Elba Damhuri hagia sophia, the hagia sophia, turkey Indonesian Update: Covid-19 Patients Died to Reach 2,000 https://republika.co.id/berita/qbs0oo440/indonesian-update-covid19-patients-died-to-reach-2000 https://republika.co.id/berita/qbs0oo440/indonesian-update-covid19-patients-died-to-reach-2000 Fri, 12 Jun 2020 02:26:48 +0700 Elba Damhuri https://republika.co.id/berita/qbs0oo440/indonesian-update-covid19-patients-died-to-reach-2000 REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA - The number of positive Covid-19 patients in Indonesia who died has increased by 41 people in the past day. Thus, the number of patients who died with a positive status of Covid-19 in the country reached 2,000 people.

                              This figure was achieved within a period of approximately three months, since the first Covid-19 case in Indonesia was released in early March. 

                              This increase in the number of patients who died makes the death rate of Covid-19 patients to the total number of positive cases in Indonesia reach 5.6 percent.

                              East Java became the largest province that contributed death rates, with 553 patients died. Then followed by DKI Jakarta with 537 Covid-19 patients who died, West Java with 161 patients died, South Kalimantan with 112 patients died, and other provinces with smaller numbers.

                              In addition to the death toll translating to 2,000 lives, there were 979 positive cases of Covid-19 in the last 24 hours. This figure is lower compared to the addition of cases on Wednesday (10/6) yesterday with 1,241 new cases in one day. The total positive cases of Covid-19 in Indonesia as of Thursday (11/6) were 35,295 people.

                              East Java returned to the province with the highest addition of positive Covid-19 cases today, namely 297 new cases. Then followed by South Sulawesi with 141 new cases, DKI Jakarta with 128 new cases, South Kalimantan with 69 new cases, and other provinces with lower number of additional cases.

                              Government Spokesperson for Covid-19 Handling Achmad Yurianto explained, the number of positive case additions was still quite high due to contact tracing or contact tracing which was increasingly aggressive carried out by the Health Service in the area. Tracing was carried out for all parties who had direct contact with positive patients of Covid-19.

                              "If we then further detail in each province, the specimens we receive are more specimens from contact tracing which is currently being aggressively carried out by the Health Office," Yurianto said in a press statement on Thursday (11/6).

                              President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) has repeatedly asked health authorities in the regions to expand the coverage of tracing to positive patients with Covid-19. In line with aggressive tracing, the specimen test capacity is also increased.

                              Yurianto added, the number of specimens tested in the past day reached 16,702 specimens. To date, 463,620 Covid-19 specimens have been examined in Indonesia.

                              The government also released 507 additional cured patients in one day. So that there are a total of 12,636 patients recovered.

                               

                              ]]>
                              REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA - The number of positive Covid-19 patients in Indonesia who died has increased by 41 people in the past day. Thus, the number of patients who died with a positive status of Covid-19 in the country reached 2,000 people.

                              This figure was achieved within a period of approximately three months, since the first Covid-19 case in Indonesia was released in early March. 

                              This increase in the number of patients who died makes the death rate of Covid-19 patients to the total number of positive cases in Indonesia reach 5.6 percent.

                              East Java became the largest province that contributed death rates, with 553 patients died. Then followed by DKI Jakarta with 537 Covid-19 patients who died, West Java with 161 patients died, South Kalimantan with 112 patients died, and other provinces with smaller numbers.

                              In addition to the death toll translating to 2,000 lives, there were 979 positive cases of Covid-19 in the last 24 hours. This figure is lower compared to the addition of cases on Wednesday (10/6) yesterday with 1,241 new cases in one day. The total positive cases of Covid-19 in Indonesia as of Thursday (11/6) were 35,295 people.

                              East Java returned to the province with the highest addition of positive Covid-19 cases today, namely 297 new cases. Then followed by South Sulawesi with 141 new cases, DKI Jakarta with 128 new cases, South Kalimantan with 69 new cases, and other provinces with lower number of additional cases.

                              Government Spokesperson for Covid-19 Handling Achmad Yurianto explained, the number of positive case additions was still quite high due to contact tracing or contact tracing which was increasingly aggressive carried out by the Health Service in the area. Tracing was carried out for all parties who had direct contact with positive patients of Covid-19.

                              "If we then further detail in each province, the specimens we receive are more specimens from contact tracing which is currently being aggressively carried out by the Health Office," Yurianto said in a press statement on Thursday (11/6).

                              President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) has repeatedly asked health authorities in the regions to expand the coverage of tracing to positive patients with Covid-19. In line with aggressive tracing, the specimen test capacity is also increased.

                              Yurianto added, the number of specimens tested in the past day reached 16,702 specimens. To date, 463,620 Covid-19 specimens have been examined in Indonesia.

                              The government also released 507 additional cured patients in one day. So that there are a total of 12,636 patients recovered.

                               

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                              • OKI Kritik Politikus Prancis yang Pakai Retorika Anti-Islam
                                • ]]> Sapto Andika Candra Elba Damhuri Indonesia, coronavirus, coronavirus in indonesia, indonesian update Indonesia Explain Causes of the Rise in Covid-19 Case https://republika.co.id/berita/qbrzyz440/indonesia-explain-causes-of-the-rise-in-covid19-case https://republika.co.id/berita/qbrzyz440/indonesia-explain-causes-of-the-rise-in-covid19-case Fri, 12 Jun 2020 02:11:23 +0700 Elba Damhuri https://republika.co.id/berita/qbrzyz440/indonesia-explain-causes-of-the-rise-in-covid19-case REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA -- Indonesian Government through the Task Force for the Acceleration of Covid-19 Handling explained that a significant increase in positive cases of the new corona virus in recent days.

                                  Indonesia said such increase took place due to increased test specimen capacity from the results of tracking close patient contacts. 

                                  The Task Force said the increase in positive cases over the past few days could not be directly linked to the potential for the second wave of Covid-19.

                                  "The calculations we have observed, we believe those are the result of increasing Indonesia's capacity to carry out tests," said Team Leader of the Task Force for Handling Acceleration of Covid-19 Wiku Adisasmito during an English-language regular press teleconference in Jakarta, Thursday (11/6).

                                  "Therefore, we cannot link this increase to the second wave of virus transmission," he said.

                                  Wiku said the government had succeeded in reaching the first target of increasing the specimen test capacity of 10 thousand samples per day. 

                                  In fact, Indonesia has tested 14 thousand specimens per day for the diagnosis of Covid-19. Now the government is working to increase the specimen test capacity to 20 thousand per day.

                                  "At the moment more laboratories and universities are capable of conducting tests," he said.

                                  Wiku said it would be more accurate to see the development of the Covid-19 case based on data from each region. There are areas that have greatly improved and are categorized as the yellow zone, the green zone, but indeed there are still listed as red zones.

                                  "To deal with the outbreak, it also depends on the response and management of the local area, to be able to meet basic needs on the ground," he said.

                                  In the last two days, Tuesday (9/6) and Wednesday (10/6), Indonesia recorded the highest record of adding Covid-19 cases within 24 hours. 

                                  Based on Task Force data, on Tuesday, there were 1,043 new cases of Covid-19. The number of new cases is the first time to exceed the number of more than 1,000 cases a day. Then, on Wednesday an additional 1,241 new cases of Covid-19 were recorded in just one day.

                                  Twice the addition of up to 1,000 positive cases is the highest, counted since the first Covid-19 case in Indonesia was announced by the government on March 2, 2020. While on Thursday (11/6), there were 979 new cases of Covid-19 in Indonesia .

                                   

                                  ]]>
                                  REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA -- Indonesian Government through the Task Force for the Acceleration of Covid-19 Handling explained that a significant increase in positive cases of the new corona virus in recent days.

                                  Indonesia said such increase took place due to increased test specimen capacity from the results of tracking close patient contacts. 

                                  The Task Force said the increase in positive cases over the past few days could not be directly linked to the potential for the second wave of Covid-19.

                                  "The calculations we have observed, we believe those are the result of increasing Indonesia's capacity to carry out tests," said Team Leader of the Task Force for Handling Acceleration of Covid-19 Wiku Adisasmito during an English-language regular press teleconference in Jakarta, Thursday (11/6).

                                  "Therefore, we cannot link this increase to the second wave of virus transmission," he said.

                                  Wiku said the government had succeeded in reaching the first target of increasing the specimen test capacity of 10 thousand samples per day. 

                                  In fact, Indonesia has tested 14 thousand specimens per day for the diagnosis of Covid-19. Now the government is working to increase the specimen test capacity to 20 thousand per day.

                                  "At the moment more laboratories and universities are capable of conducting tests," he said.

                                  Wiku said it would be more accurate to see the development of the Covid-19 case based on data from each region. There are areas that have greatly improved and are categorized as the yellow zone, the green zone, but indeed there are still listed as red zones.

                                  "To deal with the outbreak, it also depends on the response and management of the local area, to be able to meet basic needs on the ground," he said.

                                  In the last two days, Tuesday (9/6) and Wednesday (10/6), Indonesia recorded the highest record of adding Covid-19 cases within 24 hours. 

                                  Based on Task Force data, on Tuesday, there were 1,043 new cases of Covid-19. The number of new cases is the first time to exceed the number of more than 1,000 cases a day. Then, on Wednesday an additional 1,241 new cases of Covid-19 were recorded in just one day.

                                  Twice the addition of up to 1,000 positive cases is the highest, counted since the first Covid-19 case in Indonesia was announced by the government on March 2, 2020. While on Thursday (11/6), there were 979 new cases of Covid-19 in Indonesia .

                                   

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                                  • OKI Kritik Politikus Prancis yang Pakai Retorika Anti-Islam
                                    • ]]> Antara Elba Damhuri coronavirus, corona virus, covid 19, covid in indonesia, corona in indonesia Surat Seorang Bunda bagi Putrinya yang Menikah di Kala Wabah https://republika.co.id/berita/qbitvt318/surat-seorang-bunda-bagi-putrinya-yang-menikah-di-kala-wabah https://republika.co.id/berita/qbitvt318/surat-seorang-bunda-bagi-putrinya-yang-menikah-di-kala-wabah Sun, 07 Jun 2020 03:21:29 +0700 Joko Sadewo https://republika.co.id/berita/qbitvt318/surat-seorang-bunda-bagi-putrinya-yang-menikah-di-kala-wabah REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, oleh Asma Nadia*

                                      Sejak rencana akad dan resepsi pernikahan digelar sekitar enam bulan lalu, dengan mata cahaya, beberapa kali kau bertanya padaku.

                                      “Apah Bunda akan menangis ketika Caca menikah?”

                                      Usiamu dua puluh tiga tahun. Lulus dari fakultas hukum UI dua tahun lalu. Sudah bekerja dan lebih dari siap –insya allah untuk menikah.

                                      Kalau ditelisik pertanyaanmu lucu. Kadang mengingatnya membuatku tersenyum. Selain restu dan kemudahan yang diharapkan seorang anak, saat menyampaikan ‘proposal’ pernikahan, termasuk identitas calon, ternyata air mata seorang ibu di hari pernikahan putrinya, bermakna. Begitu penting, hingga sambil bergurau, kau sampaikan, jika bunda tak menangis di hari pernikahan ini, maka tidak boleh ada air mata ketika nanti adikmu pun menikah.  Hubungan kalian berdua erat, tentu bukan karena tak sayang maka kalimat canda itu dilontarkan.

                                      Rencana awal akad nikah secara outdoor, berlanjut resepsi pernikahan di sebuah gedung yang mampu menampung 400-600 orang. Sebuah WO telah sejak lama menawarkan jasa mereka, siap memberikan dukungan penuh karena cinta. Sederet pertemuan pun dilakukan untuk membahas segala sesuatu dengan rinci. Undangan sudah didesain, siap untuk dicetak. Catering telah dicicipi dan dipilih. Beberapa vendor yang menawarkan busana mempelai, MUA, juga  foto dan video, bahkan souvenir semua telah direncanakan.

                                      Saya menikmati hari itu saat bersama Nini-ibu dari suami, juga pamanmu dan calon besan,  memilih gaun pengantin untuk kalian kenakan. Ada air mata menitik, haru… bahkan tanpa kau pinta yang hari itu sebisanya Bunda sembunyikan.

                                      Persiapan demi persiapan terus dimatangkan. Sampai  tahun berganti tak ada rencana yang berubah, hingga  Corona tiba dan wabahnya merebak.

                                      Bunda bisa membayangkan sedih dan kecewa di hatimu, dan calon. Juga keluarga besar. Padahal di satu sisi, kebesaran hati dan cadangan kesabaran berlimpah pasti kalian dan kita semua butuhkan menghadapi banyaknya perubahan yang terpaksa harus diterima. Termasuk jarak yang memisahkan.   Kamu dan calon sudah berbulan melakukan swa karantina penuh, bahkan tanpa kunjungan lebaran ke keluarga besar masing-masing. Kerja yang harus dilakukan di rumah dengan situasi yang tidak selalu mendukung, rasa bosan dan jenuh, juga banyak keterbatasan lain.

                                      Belum berbagai perasaan yang berkecamuk melihat kasus yang terus melonjak, teman dan sesama yang kehilangan pekerjaan bahkan ditinggal pergi orang tua juga sanak keluarga yang mereka cintai selamanya - sebab terkena covid-19.   Berbagai rasa was-was dan panik.

                                      Rencana akad dan resepsi kemudian harus diundur ke bulan November.  Ini batasan terjauh yang memungkinkan dari pihak gedung. Wallahu alam, semua tetap berharap dan berdoa ketika tiba waktunya nanti, kondisi sudah memungkinkan. 

                                      Belakangan rencana akad nikah kemudian diteruskan, di rumah saja, tanpa tamu undangan, tanpa kehadiran sanak keluarga sama sekali. Wajah-wajah yang pasti sama bersedihnya seperti dirimu sebab tidak bisa menyaksikan momen bahagia itu, hanya bisa mengiringi dengan doa dari jauh.

                                      Bagi Nini dan Oma serta Opa, kamu adalah cucu pertama yang menikah. Bayangkan mereka kehilangan momen itu. Juga oom dan tante- saudara dari ayah dan bunda yang tidak bisa hadir menyaksikan keponakan mereka yang paling perhatian kepada para sepupunya- menikah. Perasaan yang sama pasti menghinggapi keluarga calonmu.

                                      Segala sesuatu berubah total, serba minimalis. Dalam waktu singkat persiapan dilakukan. Alhamdulillah WO yang sejak awal mendampingi tetap menuntun persiapan, juga beberapa vendor. Gaun pengantin tetap disediakan sebuah sanggar. Teman MUA langganan setia tetap men-support dengan protokol penuh. Teman fotografer dan videographer pun menunjukkan support. Satu jasa dekor pernikahan pun memberi dukungan.

                                      Dekor dibuat serius, satu untuk pelaminan dan satu untuk photo booth, dan menolak imbalan sama sekali. Meski kami pun tak tega di era krisis seperti ini untuk menerima serba gratisan. Sadar semua terdampak, semua dalam kesulitan. Ini saatnya saling mendukung,

                                      “Tidak apa bunda, ini kado kami buat Caca.”

                                      Subhanallah. Ini pastilah janji Allah,  bersama kesulitan ada kemudahan. Di saat berbagai hal terasa menghimpit dada. Saya yang awalnya bingung dengan kebutuhan kue dan hantaran untuk balasan calon besan, pun terbantu jasa ibu-ibu di perumahan yang ternyata luar biasa. Ustadz yang dulu menikahkan saya dan suami pun berkenan hadir dan memberikan khutbah nikah. Allah Maha Baik. 

                                      Jadi tepat ketika resonansi ini dimuat, kau putriku akan melangsungkan akad nikah. Dengan busana pengantin seperti yang diidamkan. Pelaminan yang dihias sedemikian rupa agar walau di rumah semoga dirimu merasa seperti putri sehari.

                                      Foto dan video siap  mengabadikan kenangan. Terbayang mempelai pria yang gondrong sebab lama tak potong rambut. Terbayang akad di mana kami semua mengenakan masker dan menjaga jarak, lalu penampakan botol sanitizer besar di mana-mana.Terbayang nasi kotak –alih-alih prasmanan yang kami siapkan. Semoga walau sederhana,  tanpa tamu, tanpa sungkeman dan sentuhan fisik, berkah dan ridha Allah juga anugerah bagi dua mempelai, melimpah.

                                      Terima kasih putriku, terima kasih telah berlapang dada menerima ini semua.  Maafkan ayah bunda yang tak bisa memberi persembahan lebih baik di hari besarmu. Terima kasih telah menyimpan isak dan kesedihan juga segudang kecewa di hati dan tetap menyuguhkan senyum dan keceriaan selama persiapan sederhana. Terima kasih telah menjadi putri yang  menjaga diri dan membanggakan selama ini.

                                      Kembali ke pertanyaanmu di awal, apakah bunda akan menangis ketika  akad nanti? Air mata yang saat ini membasahi wajah bunda namun belum kau mengerti, saat menuliskan resonansi  ini, semoga  menjawab pertanyaanmu.

                                      Selamat mengarungi hidup baru gadis ‘kecil’, Bunda. Air mata bahagia dan selangit doa kami, insya allah  mengiringimu.

                                      ]]>
                                      REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, oleh Asma Nadia*

                                      Sejak rencana akad dan resepsi pernikahan digelar sekitar enam bulan lalu, dengan mata cahaya, beberapa kali kau bertanya padaku.

                                      “Apah Bunda akan menangis ketika Caca menikah?”

                                      Usiamu dua puluh tiga tahun. Lulus dari fakultas hukum UI dua tahun lalu. Sudah bekerja dan lebih dari siap –insya allah untuk menikah.

                                      Kalau ditelisik pertanyaanmu lucu. Kadang mengingatnya membuatku tersenyum. Selain restu dan kemudahan yang diharapkan seorang anak, saat menyampaikan ‘proposal’ pernikahan, termasuk identitas calon, ternyata air mata seorang ibu di hari pernikahan putrinya, bermakna. Begitu penting, hingga sambil bergurau, kau sampaikan, jika bunda tak menangis di hari pernikahan ini, maka tidak boleh ada air mata ketika nanti adikmu pun menikah.  Hubungan kalian berdua erat, tentu bukan karena tak sayang maka kalimat canda itu dilontarkan.

                                      Rencana awal akad nikah secara outdoor, berlanjut resepsi pernikahan di sebuah gedung yang mampu menampung 400-600 orang. Sebuah WO telah sejak lama menawarkan jasa mereka, siap memberikan dukungan penuh karena cinta. Sederet pertemuan pun dilakukan untuk membahas segala sesuatu dengan rinci. Undangan sudah didesain, siap untuk dicetak. Catering telah dicicipi dan dipilih. Beberapa vendor yang menawarkan busana mempelai, MUA, juga  foto dan video, bahkan souvenir semua telah direncanakan.

                                      Saya menikmati hari itu saat bersama Nini-ibu dari suami, juga pamanmu dan calon besan,  memilih gaun pengantin untuk kalian kenakan. Ada air mata menitik, haru… bahkan tanpa kau pinta yang hari itu sebisanya Bunda sembunyikan.

                                      Persiapan demi persiapan terus dimatangkan. Sampai  tahun berganti tak ada rencana yang berubah, hingga  Corona tiba dan wabahnya merebak.

                                      Bunda bisa membayangkan sedih dan kecewa di hatimu, dan calon. Juga keluarga besar. Padahal di satu sisi, kebesaran hati dan cadangan kesabaran berlimpah pasti kalian dan kita semua butuhkan menghadapi banyaknya perubahan yang terpaksa harus diterima. Termasuk jarak yang memisahkan.   Kamu dan calon sudah berbulan melakukan swa karantina penuh, bahkan tanpa kunjungan lebaran ke keluarga besar masing-masing. Kerja yang harus dilakukan di rumah dengan situasi yang tidak selalu mendukung, rasa bosan dan jenuh, juga banyak keterbatasan lain.

                                      Belum berbagai perasaan yang berkecamuk melihat kasus yang terus melonjak, teman dan sesama yang kehilangan pekerjaan bahkan ditinggal pergi orang tua juga sanak keluarga yang mereka cintai selamanya - sebab terkena covid-19.   Berbagai rasa was-was dan panik.

                                      Rencana akad dan resepsi kemudian harus diundur ke bulan November.  Ini batasan terjauh yang memungkinkan dari pihak gedung. Wallahu alam, semua tetap berharap dan berdoa ketika tiba waktunya nanti, kondisi sudah memungkinkan. 

                                      Belakangan rencana akad nikah kemudian diteruskan, di rumah saja, tanpa tamu undangan, tanpa kehadiran sanak keluarga sama sekali. Wajah-wajah yang pasti sama bersedihnya seperti dirimu sebab tidak bisa menyaksikan momen bahagia itu, hanya bisa mengiringi dengan doa dari jauh.

                                      Bagi Nini dan Oma serta Opa, kamu adalah cucu pertama yang menikah. Bayangkan mereka kehilangan momen itu. Juga oom dan tante- saudara dari ayah dan bunda yang tidak bisa hadir menyaksikan keponakan mereka yang paling perhatian kepada para sepupunya- menikah. Perasaan yang sama pasti menghinggapi keluarga calonmu.

                                      Segala sesuatu berubah total, serba minimalis. Dalam waktu singkat persiapan dilakukan. Alhamdulillah WO yang sejak awal mendampingi tetap menuntun persiapan, juga beberapa vendor. Gaun pengantin tetap disediakan sebuah sanggar. Teman MUA langganan setia tetap men-support dengan protokol penuh. Teman fotografer dan videographer pun menunjukkan support. Satu jasa dekor pernikahan pun memberi dukungan.

                                      Dekor dibuat serius, satu untuk pelaminan dan satu untuk photo booth, dan menolak imbalan sama sekali. Meski kami pun tak tega di era krisis seperti ini untuk menerima serba gratisan. Sadar semua terdampak, semua dalam kesulitan. Ini saatnya saling mendukung,

                                      “Tidak apa bunda, ini kado kami buat Caca.”

                                      Subhanallah. Ini pastilah janji Allah,  bersama kesulitan ada kemudahan. Di saat berbagai hal terasa menghimpit dada. Saya yang awalnya bingung dengan kebutuhan kue dan hantaran untuk balasan calon besan, pun terbantu jasa ibu-ibu di perumahan yang ternyata luar biasa. Ustadz yang dulu menikahkan saya dan suami pun berkenan hadir dan memberikan khutbah nikah. Allah Maha Baik. 

                                      Jadi tepat ketika resonansi ini dimuat, kau putriku akan melangsungkan akad nikah. Dengan busana pengantin seperti yang diidamkan. Pelaminan yang dihias sedemikian rupa agar walau di rumah semoga dirimu merasa seperti putri sehari.

                                      Foto dan video siap  mengabadikan kenangan. Terbayang mempelai pria yang gondrong sebab lama tak potong rambut. Terbayang akad di mana kami semua mengenakan masker dan menjaga jarak, lalu penampakan botol sanitizer besar di mana-mana.Terbayang nasi kotak –alih-alih prasmanan yang kami siapkan. Semoga walau sederhana,  tanpa tamu, tanpa sungkeman dan sentuhan fisik, berkah dan ridha Allah juga anugerah bagi dua mempelai, melimpah.

                                      Terima kasih putriku, terima kasih telah berlapang dada menerima ini semua.  Maafkan ayah bunda yang tak bisa memberi persembahan lebih baik di hari besarmu. Terima kasih telah menyimpan isak dan kesedihan juga segudang kecewa di hati dan tetap menyuguhkan senyum dan keceriaan selama persiapan sederhana. Terima kasih telah menjadi putri yang  menjaga diri dan membanggakan selama ini.

                                      Kembali ke pertanyaanmu di awal, apakah bunda akan menangis ketika  akad nanti? Air mata yang saat ini membasahi wajah bunda namun belum kau mengerti, saat menuliskan resonansi  ini, semoga  menjawab pertanyaanmu.

                                      Selamat mengarungi hidup baru gadis ‘kecil’, Bunda. Air mata bahagia dan selangit doa kami, insya allah  mengiringimu.

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                                        • ]]> Joko Sadewo nikah saat corona, larangan resepsi pernikahan, pernikahan saat covid-19 Globalization at a crossroads with COVID-19 https://republika.co.id/berita/q9vdwr440/globalization-at-a-crossroads-with-covid19 https://republika.co.id/berita/q9vdwr440/globalization-at-a-crossroads-with-covid19 Wed, 06 May 2020 03:33:00 +0700 Elba Damhuri https://republika.co.id/berita/q9vdwr440/globalization-at-a-crossroads-with-covid19 REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, ANKARA -- By Metin Basbay, The writer is a Researcher at TRT World

                                          In the post-pandemic world, we may see a relative concentration of production to specific locations and nation states gaining more power as opposed to multinational organizations and 

                                          Today global supply chains are so central to the world economy that it feels like this has always been the case.

                                          Actually, in many ways, globalization is a phenomenon of the post-1980 world, and even the term itself became popular only in the 1990s. It has transformed our world at a very high speed and until recently felt like it was here to stay forever. COVID-19, however, may change that.

                                          The challenge is not temporary travel restrictions or social distancing protocols but rather the realization that comes with it. The outbreak has showed policymakers and businesses how fragile the just-in-time delivery system of the global economy is, and how dependent national economies are on such a fragile mechanism.

                                          The world economy is so intertwined and countries so interdependent, the breaking of one single link in the chain is apparently enough to cause all hell to break loose.

                                          When China was first hit by the COVID-19, two-thirds of the entire Chinese economy was shut down, which, in weeks, led to a supply shortage across the globe. 

                                          Now China seems to have passed at least the first wave of the outbreak, but this time industrialized countries of the West are at the peak of it and there is a global demand shortage. Even if separate countries can contain the outbreak, they need to wait for the global economy to recover so their economies can operate normally again. 

                                          Until the automobile production in Europe goes back to normal, car parts will continue to accumulate in warehouses in Turkey, for instance.

                                          According to famous sociologist Anthony Giddens, this is actually the defining characteristic of globalization in the first place, that it “links distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa.” 

                                          Indeed, several months after Chinese authorities failed to properly handle a local health emergency in a peripheral part of China, the entire global economy is fast moving towards a major recession, leaving a steadily growing number of people unemployed across the globe, from Latin America to the Middle East.

                                          Two decades ago, China had a similar (SARS) outbreak, but it did not lead to such consequences, because the world was not this interconnected then and China, and East Asia in general, were not the gigantic players they are now in regards to global supply chains. Today, China alone accounts for 20% of global manufacturing.

                                          But this is not because there are more Chinese firms involved in international trade but because global companies shifted some parts of their production lines to China. It is because of globalization.

                                          This is the difference between good old international trade and globalization. With globalization, multinational firms spread their production lines across the globe, taking advantage of cheap labor and lower taxes, wherever they found them. 

                                          Ford cars are produced in Detroit no more, and it is in fact impossible now to specify a locality for the process, which is very complex and dynamic, requiring a combination of sophisticated management and high-tech logistics.

                                          Now policymakers and businesses are questioning if the risks of globalized production outweigh its benefits. Surely, globalization reduces costs, which makes products affordable for more people, not to mention -of course- that it allows companies to make tremendous profits unheard-of before.

                                          However, everything falls apart literally because someone in rural China decided to eat the wrong food.

                                          And, this does not need to happen due to a once-in-a-life-time virus pandemic. Even before the current crisis, there were discussions about the future of globalization due to the ongoing trade dispute between China and the US. 

                                          Globalization obviously assumes a cooperative, or at least peaceful, international political order. It seems that the delicate political balance between countries is also quite vulnerable to shocks of various kinds.

                                          This is another revelation of the pandemic. The nation-state reflexes are alive and well, and they easily reactivate in case of an emergency. Facing COVID-19, most governments failed to cooperate with others, and, instead, chose to follow the ‘everyone for themselves’ mentality. The political fallout of the pandemic has been quite dramatic.

                                          The blame game between China and the US continues. Washington blames China for causing the pandemic in the first place while China blames the US for turning a health crisis into a political one.

                                          The pandemic seems to exacerbate the tensions between two global powers, which can culminate in a brake-down of globalization.

                                          Moreover, the World Health Organization (WHO), which is supposed to be the basis of international cooperation in such times of crisis, became a source of dispute. 

                                          Many blame the organization for covering up Beijing’s initial mishandling of the outbreak and failing to implement a strong response in the early days in par with the potential danger. More recently, the US has even withdrawn funding from the organization.

                                          Meanwhile, countries’ fight over world’s limited supply of critical personal protection equipment (PPE) continues. Many countries banned exports of face masks and ventilators, which led to confrontations between governments. President Trump, for instance, used his powers from the Defense Production Act to ban strategic exports, which stopped the shipment of masks to Canada.

                                          Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was very explicit about his discontent. Similarly, India, a strategic supplier of pharmaceuticals, banned the export of a number of critical medicines.

                                          Even the EU, which was long seen as the bastion of international cooperation, failed to synchronize government efforts to fight the pandemic. Both Germany and France banned exports of face masks to other member states. 

                                          When Italy was hit hard by the disease, most member states did not hesitate to close their borders with the country. Moreover, at the initial stage, none of the 26 member states came to Italy’s help.

                                          While some Italians expressed their anger by burning the EU flag online, President of the EU Commission Ursula von der Leyen, had to apologize to the Italians for the EU’s failure to help Italy. In Spain, one of the worst affected countries in Europe, Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez wrote an article to warn that Europe faces an existential threat and unless there is cooperation, the “union fails”.

                                          Now, citizens are questioning why some of the richest countries in the world are not capable of manufacturing life-saving ventilators or even face masks while countries like China and Turkey are distributing them to other countries in aid. Globalization is easy to blame.

                                          “What is the use of free trade, if it does not function when needed the most?” many are asking.

                                          All in all, it is fair to say that COVID-19 poses a challenge to globalization as we know it. In the post-pandemic world, we may see a relative concentration of production to specific locations and nation-states gaining more power as opposed to multinational organizations and corporations.

                                          Ironically, a pandemic, which is by definition a global phenomenon, is enforcing a retreat from globalization.

                                           

                                          *Opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Anadolu Agency.

                                          ]]>
                                          REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, ANKARA -- By Metin Basbay, The writer is a Researcher at TRT World

                                          In the post-pandemic world, we may see a relative concentration of production to specific locations and nation states gaining more power as opposed to multinational organizations and 

                                          Today global supply chains are so central to the world economy that it feels like this has always been the case.

                                          Actually, in many ways, globalization is a phenomenon of the post-1980 world, and even the term itself became popular only in the 1990s. It has transformed our world at a very high speed and until recently felt like it was here to stay forever. COVID-19, however, may change that.

                                          The challenge is not temporary travel restrictions or social distancing protocols but rather the realization that comes with it. The outbreak has showed policymakers and businesses how fragile the just-in-time delivery system of the global economy is, and how dependent national economies are on such a fragile mechanism.

                                          The world economy is so intertwined and countries so interdependent, the breaking of one single link in the chain is apparently enough to cause all hell to break loose.

                                          When China was first hit by the COVID-19, two-thirds of the entire Chinese economy was shut down, which, in weeks, led to a supply shortage across the globe. 

                                          Now China seems to have passed at least the first wave of the outbreak, but this time industrialized countries of the West are at the peak of it and there is a global demand shortage. Even if separate countries can contain the outbreak, they need to wait for the global economy to recover so their economies can operate normally again. 

                                          Until the automobile production in Europe goes back to normal, car parts will continue to accumulate in warehouses in Turkey, for instance.

                                          According to famous sociologist Anthony Giddens, this is actually the defining characteristic of globalization in the first place, that it “links distant localities in such a way that local happenings are shaped by events occurring many miles away and vice versa.” 

                                          Indeed, several months after Chinese authorities failed to properly handle a local health emergency in a peripheral part of China, the entire global economy is fast moving towards a major recession, leaving a steadily growing number of people unemployed across the globe, from Latin America to the Middle East.

                                          Two decades ago, China had a similar (SARS) outbreak, but it did not lead to such consequences, because the world was not this interconnected then and China, and East Asia in general, were not the gigantic players they are now in regards to global supply chains. Today, China alone accounts for 20% of global manufacturing.

                                          But this is not because there are more Chinese firms involved in international trade but because global companies shifted some parts of their production lines to China. It is because of globalization.

                                          This is the difference between good old international trade and globalization. With globalization, multinational firms spread their production lines across the globe, taking advantage of cheap labor and lower taxes, wherever they found them. 

                                          Ford cars are produced in Detroit no more, and it is in fact impossible now to specify a locality for the process, which is very complex and dynamic, requiring a combination of sophisticated management and high-tech logistics.

                                          Now policymakers and businesses are questioning if the risks of globalized production outweigh its benefits. Surely, globalization reduces costs, which makes products affordable for more people, not to mention -of course- that it allows companies to make tremendous profits unheard-of before.

                                          However, everything falls apart literally because someone in rural China decided to eat the wrong food.

                                          And, this does not need to happen due to a once-in-a-life-time virus pandemic. Even before the current crisis, there were discussions about the future of globalization due to the ongoing trade dispute between China and the US. 

                                          Globalization obviously assumes a cooperative, or at least peaceful, international political order. It seems that the delicate political balance between countries is also quite vulnerable to shocks of various kinds.

                                          This is another revelation of the pandemic. The nation-state reflexes are alive and well, and they easily reactivate in case of an emergency. Facing COVID-19, most governments failed to cooperate with others, and, instead, chose to follow the ‘everyone for themselves’ mentality. The political fallout of the pandemic has been quite dramatic.

                                          The blame game between China and the US continues. Washington blames China for causing the pandemic in the first place while China blames the US for turning a health crisis into a political one.

                                          The pandemic seems to exacerbate the tensions between two global powers, which can culminate in a brake-down of globalization.

                                          Moreover, the World Health Organization (WHO), which is supposed to be the basis of international cooperation in such times of crisis, became a source of dispute. 

                                          Many blame the organization for covering up Beijing’s initial mishandling of the outbreak and failing to implement a strong response in the early days in par with the potential danger. More recently, the US has even withdrawn funding from the organization.

                                          Meanwhile, countries’ fight over world’s limited supply of critical personal protection equipment (PPE) continues. Many countries banned exports of face masks and ventilators, which led to confrontations between governments. President Trump, for instance, used his powers from the Defense Production Act to ban strategic exports, which stopped the shipment of masks to Canada.

                                          Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was very explicit about his discontent. Similarly, India, a strategic supplier of pharmaceuticals, banned the export of a number of critical medicines.

                                          Even the EU, which was long seen as the bastion of international cooperation, failed to synchronize government efforts to fight the pandemic. Both Germany and France banned exports of face masks to other member states. 

                                          When Italy was hit hard by the disease, most member states did not hesitate to close their borders with the country. Moreover, at the initial stage, none of the 26 member states came to Italy’s help.

                                          While some Italians expressed their anger by burning the EU flag online, President of the EU Commission Ursula von der Leyen, had to apologize to the Italians for the EU’s failure to help Italy. In Spain, one of the worst affected countries in Europe, Prime Minister Pedro Sanchez wrote an article to warn that Europe faces an existential threat and unless there is cooperation, the “union fails”.

                                          Now, citizens are questioning why some of the richest countries in the world are not capable of manufacturing life-saving ventilators or even face masks while countries like China and Turkey are distributing them to other countries in aid. Globalization is easy to blame.

                                          “What is the use of free trade, if it does not function when needed the most?” many are asking.

                                          All in all, it is fair to say that COVID-19 poses a challenge to globalization as we know it. In the post-pandemic world, we may see a relative concentration of production to specific locations and nation-states gaining more power as opposed to multinational organizations and corporations.

                                          Ironically, a pandemic, which is by definition a global phenomenon, is enforcing a retreat from globalization.

                                           

                                          *Opinions expressed in this article are the author’s own and do not necessarily reflect the editorial policy of Anadolu Agency.

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                                            • ]]> Elba Damhuri globalization, corona viruses, covid 19, globalization and corona Covid-19, Erga Omnes, and Jus Cogens https://republika.co.id/berita/q9hryh291/covid19-erga-omnes-and-jus-cogens https://republika.co.id/berita/q9hryh291/covid19-erga-omnes-and-jus-cogens Tue, 28 Apr 2020 16:35:05 +0700 Fernan Rahadi https://republika.co.id/berita/q9hryh291/covid19-erga-omnes-and-jus-cogens REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, By Fajri Matahati Muhammadin* and Siti Kholifatul Rizkiah**

                                              Amidst the terrifying global pandemic of Covid-19, numerous brilliants articles were written by scholars all over the world regarding the issue. Among them is an article titled "Korona dan Kewajiban ‘Erga Omnes’" by Professor Sigit Riyanto from Universitas Gadjah Mada, published by Kompas on 21 April 2020. That article suggests that there is an obligation Erga Omnes (i.e. for all) to participate in combating Covid-19.

                                              Perhaps almost everyone can generally understand the gravity of the Covid-19 problem and how there is an obligation towards everyone without distinction to contribute to suppress it. However, the term Erga Omnes is a special term indicating a different level of gravity which only those in the field of international law could truly fully appreciate.

                                              The term Erga Omnes was popularized by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the Barcelona Traction Case judgement (1970). They mentioned that there are certain obligations which are in the interest of the entire international community to uphold, therefore these obligations are Erga Omnes. They also gave examples of obligations Erga Omnes to include inter alia the prohibition of aggression, genocide, slavery, and racial discrimination.

                                              There is another term very relevant to Erga Omnes which needs to be introduced, which is Jus Cogens. The term Jus Cogens, which literally means ‘compelling law’, is known as a norm recognized universally as having the highest status in international law that no derogation is permitted except by another (subsequently emerging) Jus Cogens norm. Such is the power and level of Jus Cogens norms in international law, that even state sovereignty cannot override Jus Cogens. 

                                              Therefore, for example, Article 53 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States (1969) rules that any treaties contravening Jus Cogens are null and void. This is despite such treaties, already agreed upon by two or more sovereign states, based on the pacta sunt servanda principle which is said to be among the most fundamental rules of international law. 

                                              Mahmoud Cherif Bassiouni (1998) explains Jus Cogens norms would usually prohibit things that affects the international community as a whole because they either threaten international peace and security and/or shock the conscience of humanity. Examples of Jus Cogens norms would also include the prohibition of genocide, acts of aggression, slavery, and racial discrimination.

                                              The reason why the examples of Jus Cogens norms and obligations Erga Omnes are similar is because the latter is the logical consequence of the former, indicating the very strong ties between the two. Meaning, as explained by Bassiouni, Jus Cogens norms will result in obligations Erga Omnes. 

                                              This also means (rhetorically) that, if there is an obligation which is Erga Omnes, it must have come from a norm which has a higher status in international law that no derogation is permitted. Such is the gravity of Erga Omnes if we consider how it relates to Jus Cogens norms.

                                              As explained earlier, the examples of Jus Cogens norms and obligations Erga Omnes would usually revolve around very terrible things known to humanity. If one were to add more examples, more terrible things will follow such as torture, war crimes, and other cases of severe human rights violation. Could the need to combat a global pandemic fall under this category and sit beside the previously mentioned terrible horrors known to humanity?

                                              The international health regulations (IHR) explained by Professor Sigit Riyanto is indeed an important basis from which to conclude that there are obligations for all states to generally cooperate in matters related to inter alia prevent the spreading of disease. This relates to the rights of health. 

                                              However, does such obligation generally share the characteristics of Jus Cogens as having the highest status in international law from which no derogation is permitted? The problem of H1N1 influenza may have caused grave concern but to compare it to genocide and other jus cogens norms would seem to be an over-exaggeration.

                                              However, Covid-19 is exceptionally devastating. As a global pandemic, Worldometers reported 2,501,919 infections and 171,741 deaths from Covid-19 worldwide. This number is by 21 April 2020, less than six months since the first outbreak in Wuhan in December 2019 and still counting. Additionally, there is high level of potential unreported cases due to the lack of testing. Worldometers reports that Indonesia is among the lowest in this regard, testing only 182 people per one million population, compared to Singapore and Malaysia which have tested 16,203 and 3,344 per one million population respectively. 

                                              The Indonesian Medical Association (IDI) Chairman stated that the real Covid-19 death count is very likely much higher than the official reports. Such terrifying claim may be corroborated by a spike in Jakarta’s funerals up to 40% on March 2020 than any month since 2018 as reported by Reuters. Other countries are very likely to experience the same such as the USA as reported by the Washington Post.

                                              Further, Covid-19 has affected all lines of economic sectors. Over 90% of the global GDP is affected and, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the world’s economy is in a global recession potentially worse than the 2009 financial crisis. The Economist Intelligence Unit claims that global growth is projected to decrease up to -2.25%, and there is a sharp decline on the financial market with the prices of stocks and bonds falling sharply. 

                                              The US DJIA stock market index recorded a 34% decline from February to March 2020, the lowest since 2009. The World Trade Organization also projects a decline in the global trade between 13% and 32%, especially with China and the US as the top global traders being hit severely by the virus, this leave a contagious impact to the supply chain across the globe.

                                              The spillover effect is also shown by the decrease in Purchasing Manager Index (PMI) up to below 50% which, as argued by many experts, is a sign of recession. This implies a significant drop in the confidence level of industrial players in manufacturing and service sector. On a more micro level, Covid-19 has affected consumer spending across the globe due to the decrease in average household income level, and an estimate of millions of workers are losing their jobs. The Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) seem to be most affected, losing much revenue or even ceasing operations, many potentially or already driven to bankruptcy. 

                                              This is not to mention the other social costs. Movement restriction has been sanctioned in various countries, imposed by governments or at the initiative of local communities. Schools and Universities are forced to either conduct their learning process online or halt altogether. Various places of worship of various faiths across the world are vacated as religious leaders of all faiths call for acts of worship to be performed at home. Social gatherings, to the furthest extent possible, are restricted.

                                              Covid-19 has, in such a short time, hit humanity very hardly on so many levels. Not only that it threatens the rights to health and life at an exponentially alarming rate worldwide which humanity perhaps has never witnessed before. It also threatens economic, social, religious, and cultural rights very severely and worldwide. 

                                              Perhaps only a few wars could match this scale of devastation, making the Covid-19 pandemic a threat towards international peace and security as much as it shocks the conscience of humanity.

                                              Therefore, it seems compelling to suggest that this Covid-19 pandemic has brought an Erga Omnes obligation which rises out of a Jus Cogens norm. If the obligation’s relation with Jus Cogens is accepted, the consequence is more than just that all (without exception) must contribute in combating Covid-19. Rather, it also means that such obligation comes from the highest norm of international law and would take precedence over other international obligations and even sovereignty if they contradict each other. 

                                              It can be therefore suggested that a state is responsible under international law if their action or omission causes more rapid spread of Covid-19. China is under global spotlight for suppressing Covid-19 information after the outbreak in Wuhan. Scholars such as Tom Ginsburg (University of Chicago) are suggesting that China is internationally responsible for the harm this pandemic is causing to other countries. As is now common knowledge, what was once a local outbreak in Wuhan, China, is now a global pandemic.

                                              However, the Erga Omnes character of the obligation to combat Covid-19 is, as the term suggests, is not just for China but for all. More importantly, the Jus Cogens character emphasizes the severe gravity of the matter. When combatting Covid-19 sits alongside the prohibition of genocide, slavery, torture, and other terrifying acts known to humanity, perhaps states should step up their efforts to what a Jus Cogens deserves. After all, China does not seem to be the only state guilty of suppressing information and other negligent acts which may have contributed to the spread of the global Covid-19 pandemic as we now know it.

                                               

                                              *Lecturer at the Department of International Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Gadjah Mada

                                              **Postgraduate Student at the International Centre for Education in Islamic Finance, Malaysia

                                               

                                              ]]>
                                              REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, By Fajri Matahati Muhammadin* and Siti Kholifatul Rizkiah**

                                              Amidst the terrifying global pandemic of Covid-19, numerous brilliants articles were written by scholars all over the world regarding the issue. Among them is an article titled "Korona dan Kewajiban ‘Erga Omnes’" by Professor Sigit Riyanto from Universitas Gadjah Mada, published by Kompas on 21 April 2020. That article suggests that there is an obligation Erga Omnes (i.e. for all) to participate in combating Covid-19.

                                              Perhaps almost everyone can generally understand the gravity of the Covid-19 problem and how there is an obligation towards everyone without distinction to contribute to suppress it. However, the term Erga Omnes is a special term indicating a different level of gravity which only those in the field of international law could truly fully appreciate.

                                              The term Erga Omnes was popularized by the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in the Barcelona Traction Case judgement (1970). They mentioned that there are certain obligations which are in the interest of the entire international community to uphold, therefore these obligations are Erga Omnes. They also gave examples of obligations Erga Omnes to include inter alia the prohibition of aggression, genocide, slavery, and racial discrimination.

                                              There is another term very relevant to Erga Omnes which needs to be introduced, which is Jus Cogens. The term Jus Cogens, which literally means ‘compelling law’, is known as a norm recognized universally as having the highest status in international law that no derogation is permitted except by another (subsequently emerging) Jus Cogens norm. Such is the power and level of Jus Cogens norms in international law, that even state sovereignty cannot override Jus Cogens. 

                                              Therefore, for example, Article 53 of the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties between States (1969) rules that any treaties contravening Jus Cogens are null and void. This is despite such treaties, already agreed upon by two or more sovereign states, based on the pacta sunt servanda principle which is said to be among the most fundamental rules of international law. 

                                              Mahmoud Cherif Bassiouni (1998) explains Jus Cogens norms would usually prohibit things that affects the international community as a whole because they either threaten international peace and security and/or shock the conscience of humanity. Examples of Jus Cogens norms would also include the prohibition of genocide, acts of aggression, slavery, and racial discrimination.

                                              The reason why the examples of Jus Cogens norms and obligations Erga Omnes are similar is because the latter is the logical consequence of the former, indicating the very strong ties between the two. Meaning, as explained by Bassiouni, Jus Cogens norms will result in obligations Erga Omnes. 

                                              This also means (rhetorically) that, if there is an obligation which is Erga Omnes, it must have come from a norm which has a higher status in international law that no derogation is permitted. Such is the gravity of Erga Omnes if we consider how it relates to Jus Cogens norms.

                                              As explained earlier, the examples of Jus Cogens norms and obligations Erga Omnes would usually revolve around very terrible things known to humanity. If one were to add more examples, more terrible things will follow such as torture, war crimes, and other cases of severe human rights violation. Could the need to combat a global pandemic fall under this category and sit beside the previously mentioned terrible horrors known to humanity?

                                              The international health regulations (IHR) explained by Professor Sigit Riyanto is indeed an important basis from which to conclude that there are obligations for all states to generally cooperate in matters related to inter alia prevent the spreading of disease. This relates to the rights of health. 

                                              However, does such obligation generally share the characteristics of Jus Cogens as having the highest status in international law from which no derogation is permitted? The problem of H1N1 influenza may have caused grave concern but to compare it to genocide and other jus cogens norms would seem to be an over-exaggeration.

                                              However, Covid-19 is exceptionally devastating. As a global pandemic, Worldometers reported 2,501,919 infections and 171,741 deaths from Covid-19 worldwide. This number is by 21 April 2020, less than six months since the first outbreak in Wuhan in December 2019 and still counting. Additionally, there is high level of potential unreported cases due to the lack of testing. Worldometers reports that Indonesia is among the lowest in this regard, testing only 182 people per one million population, compared to Singapore and Malaysia which have tested 16,203 and 3,344 per one million population respectively. 

                                              The Indonesian Medical Association (IDI) Chairman stated that the real Covid-19 death count is very likely much higher than the official reports. Such terrifying claim may be corroborated by a spike in Jakarta’s funerals up to 40% on March 2020 than any month since 2018 as reported by Reuters. Other countries are very likely to experience the same such as the USA as reported by the Washington Post.

                                              Further, Covid-19 has affected all lines of economic sectors. Over 90% of the global GDP is affected and, according to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the world’s economy is in a global recession potentially worse than the 2009 financial crisis. The Economist Intelligence Unit claims that global growth is projected to decrease up to -2.25%, and there is a sharp decline on the financial market with the prices of stocks and bonds falling sharply. 

                                              The US DJIA stock market index recorded a 34% decline from February to March 2020, the lowest since 2009. The World Trade Organization also projects a decline in the global trade between 13% and 32%, especially with China and the US as the top global traders being hit severely by the virus, this leave a contagious impact to the supply chain across the globe.

                                              The spillover effect is also shown by the decrease in Purchasing Manager Index (PMI) up to below 50% which, as argued by many experts, is a sign of recession. This implies a significant drop in the confidence level of industrial players in manufacturing and service sector. On a more micro level, Covid-19 has affected consumer spending across the globe due to the decrease in average household income level, and an estimate of millions of workers are losing their jobs. The Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) seem to be most affected, losing much revenue or even ceasing operations, many potentially or already driven to bankruptcy. 

                                              This is not to mention the other social costs. Movement restriction has been sanctioned in various countries, imposed by governments or at the initiative of local communities. Schools and Universities are forced to either conduct their learning process online or halt altogether. Various places of worship of various faiths across the world are vacated as religious leaders of all faiths call for acts of worship to be performed at home. Social gatherings, to the furthest extent possible, are restricted.

                                              Covid-19 has, in such a short time, hit humanity very hardly on so many levels. Not only that it threatens the rights to health and life at an exponentially alarming rate worldwide which humanity perhaps has never witnessed before. It also threatens economic, social, religious, and cultural rights very severely and worldwide. 

                                              Perhaps only a few wars could match this scale of devastation, making the Covid-19 pandemic a threat towards international peace and security as much as it shocks the conscience of humanity.

                                              Therefore, it seems compelling to suggest that this Covid-19 pandemic has brought an Erga Omnes obligation which rises out of a Jus Cogens norm. If the obligation’s relation with Jus Cogens is accepted, the consequence is more than just that all (without exception) must contribute in combating Covid-19. Rather, it also means that such obligation comes from the highest norm of international law and would take precedence over other international obligations and even sovereignty if they contradict each other. 

                                              It can be therefore suggested that a state is responsible under international law if their action or omission causes more rapid spread of Covid-19. China is under global spotlight for suppressing Covid-19 information after the outbreak in Wuhan. Scholars such as Tom Ginsburg (University of Chicago) are suggesting that China is internationally responsible for the harm this pandemic is causing to other countries. As is now common knowledge, what was once a local outbreak in Wuhan, China, is now a global pandemic.

                                              However, the Erga Omnes character of the obligation to combat Covid-19 is, as the term suggests, is not just for China but for all. More importantly, the Jus Cogens character emphasizes the severe gravity of the matter. When combatting Covid-19 sits alongside the prohibition of genocide, slavery, torture, and other terrifying acts known to humanity, perhaps states should step up their efforts to what a Jus Cogens deserves. After all, China does not seem to be the only state guilty of suppressing information and other negligent acts which may have contributed to the spread of the global Covid-19 pandemic as we now know it.

                                               

                                              *Lecturer at the Department of International Law, Faculty of Law, Universitas Gadjah Mada

                                              **Postgraduate Student at the International Centre for Education in Islamic Finance, Malaysia

                                               

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                                                • ]]> Fernan Rahadi covid-19, fajri muhammadin, coronavirus RI Sets Large-Scale Social Restrictions with Civil Emergency https://republika.co.id/berita/q8042g440/ri-sets-largescale-social-restrictions-with-civil-emergency https://republika.co.id/berita/q8042g440/ri-sets-largescale-social-restrictions-with-civil-emergency Mon, 30 Mar 2020 17:06:16 +0700 Elba Damhuri https://republika.co.id/berita/q8042g440/ri-sets-largescale-social-restrictions-with-civil-emergency REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA -- Indonesia enters an important new phase in the war against covid-19. President Republic of Indonesia (RI) Joko Widodo (Jokowi) orders a large-scale social restrictions policy and disciplining the application of physical imprisonment to prevent Covid-19 transmission in Indonesia.

                                                  Jokowi also will apply a state of civil emergency as the basis for the enactment of the two policies. Civil emergency status is regulated in Government Regulation in Lieu of Law (Perppu) number 23 of 1959 concerning Dangerous Conditions. Article 3 of the regulation states that civil emergencies continue to be handled by civil officials appointed by the president, assisted by the TNI/Polri.

                                                  "I ask for a large-scale social restriction policy, physical distancing is made more strict, more disciplined, and more effective. So I have said that it needs to be accompanied by a civil emergency policy," Jokowi said in a limited meeting on Monday (March, 30).

                                                  The president also ordered his ministers to immediately prepare implementing regulations at the provincial, district, and city level so that large-scale social restrictions and disciplining of physical detention could actually be applied on the ground. 

                                                  Jokowi also requested that regional leaders have the same vision with the center in handling and preventing the spread of Covid-19 disease.

                                                  "And I remind you that the policy on health violence including quarantine is the authority of the Central Government, not the Regional Government," Jokowi said.

                                                  The president also asked all pharmacies and shops that sell basic needs to remain open and serve the needs of the community. The condition is that all physical spacing protocols must be carried out in all public places.

                                                  "For micro small medium enterprises (UMKM), business people, and informal workers, we have already discussed, the government will immediately prepare social protection and economic stimulus. This policy will be announced soon to the public," he said.

                                                  ]]>
                                                  REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA -- Indonesia enters an important new phase in the war against covid-19. President Republic of Indonesia (RI) Joko Widodo (Jokowi) orders a large-scale social restrictions policy and disciplining the application of physical imprisonment to prevent Covid-19 transmission in Indonesia.

                                                  Jokowi also will apply a state of civil emergency as the basis for the enactment of the two policies. Civil emergency status is regulated in Government Regulation in Lieu of Law (Perppu) number 23 of 1959 concerning Dangerous Conditions. Article 3 of the regulation states that civil emergencies continue to be handled by civil officials appointed by the president, assisted by the TNI/Polri.

                                                  "I ask for a large-scale social restriction policy, physical distancing is made more strict, more disciplined, and more effective. So I have said that it needs to be accompanied by a civil emergency policy," Jokowi said in a limited meeting on Monday (March, 30).

                                                  The president also ordered his ministers to immediately prepare implementing regulations at the provincial, district, and city level so that large-scale social restrictions and disciplining of physical detention could actually be applied on the ground. 

                                                  Jokowi also requested that regional leaders have the same vision with the center in handling and preventing the spread of Covid-19 disease.

                                                  "And I remind you that the policy on health violence including quarantine is the authority of the Central Government, not the Regional Government," Jokowi said.

                                                  The president also asked all pharmacies and shops that sell basic needs to remain open and serve the needs of the community. The condition is that all physical spacing protocols must be carried out in all public places.

                                                  "For micro small medium enterprises (UMKM), business people, and informal workers, we have already discussed, the government will immediately prepare social protection and economic stimulus. This policy will be announced soon to the public," he said.

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                                                    • ]]> Sapto Andika Candra Elba Damhuri coronavirus, corona virus, indonesia, president jokowi Indonesian Emergency Hospital Ready to Use https://republika.co.id/berita/q7oeos440/indonesian-emergency-hospital-ready-to-use https://republika.co.id/berita/q7oeos440/indonesian-emergency-hospital-ready-to-use Wed, 25 Mar 2020 00:13:00 +0700 Elba Damhuri https://republika.co.id/berita/q7oeos440/indonesian-emergency-hospital-ready-to-use REPUBLIKA.CO.ID,

                                                      By M Nursyamsi, Sapto Andika

                                                      JAKARTA -- Indonesian Emergency Hospital for covid-19 patient is ready to operate since Monday (March, 23). President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) officially inaugurated the operation of the hospital located at Wisma Atlet Kemayoran, Jakarta, on Monday.

                                                      A total of two towers with a capacity of 3,000 beds in the Wisma Atlet Kemayoran Complex have been completed into an emergency hospital (RS) handling Covid-19. 

                                                      This health facility utilizing the 2018 Asian Games athletes' residences will support a similar hospital that has now been built on Galang Island, Riau Islands.

                                                      The government is in a race with time to prepare health facilities accommodating the surge in the number of positive patients from Covid-19.

                                                      In line with the rapid tests that will be conducted, the government predicts a significant increase in the number of people infected with corona. Rapid testing is projected to reveal more Covid-19 patients who have not been touched by a health test.

                                                      The president reviewed some of the facilities available such as the emergency department (IGD) and intensive care unit (ICU). The Covid-19 Emergency Hospital at Wisma Atay Kemayoran is also equipped with a pharmaceutical laboratory and a supervised care unit (HCU).

                                                      "I need to say that the Wisma Atlet (Athlete's House) has a capacity of 24 thousand people. At present, what has been prepared is for 3,000 patients with a spatial area that has been laid out with a good management," Jokowi said.

                                                      Covid-19 patient care will be focused on tower 6 and tower 7 Wisma Atlet Kemayoran. All medical personnel, including doctors and nurses, will also have a separate room to rest. 

                                                      The government, through the Ministry of BUMN, also ensures that all medical equipment is ready, such as personal protective equipment (PPE) to medical equipment to treat patients.

                                                      The use of corona emergency hospital will be divided into three zones. First, the green zone is Tower 1. This zone will be filled by the Covid-19 Handling Acceleration Task Force. Only people with an interest can enter this area. 

                                                      Second, the yellow zone is Tower 3. This zone will be filled by doctors, nurses and other paramedics. 

                                                      Third, the red zone is Tower 6-7 which is used as an emergency hospital handling Covid-19. Only those who use the full PPE can enter this zone besides the patient.

                                                      Minister of State-Owned Companies (BUMN) Erick Thohir revelaed his ministry has mobilized a number of state-owned companies (BUMN) to assist with the readiness of hospital at Wisma Athlete. 

                                                      A number of state-owned enterprises are tasked with repairing physical facilities, including preparing a number of negative-pressure floors which prevent viruses entering the ICU.

                                                      BUMN has provided personal protective equipment (PPE) for medical personnel on duty. The availability of PPE is sufficient.

                                                      Erick said that the management of Wisma Atlet will also be carried out by PT Hotel Indonesia Natour who has experience in providing professional services.

                                                      Erick explained the initial idea of ​​using the Kemayoran Athlete's House as an emergency hospital handling Covid-19 could not be separated from his experience when handling the Asian Games event two years ago.

                                                      With the development of an expanding pandemic, Erick said, it would be a shame if the facilities as big as Wisma Athayoran Athletes were not utilized to treat a growing number of patients.

                                                      "We convey to the President and he is very supportive. Therefore, now it has become like this. SOCs don't talk about what and why, all ministries work together to work hand in hand, the TNI Commander takes over operationally," Erick explained.

                                                      He asserted SOCs have the responsibility to ensure all medical equipment in this emergency hospital is fulfilled. Erick also ensured that the supply of medicines will be secured by SOCs that are engaged in drug production.

                                                      ]]>
                                                      REPUBLIKA.CO.ID,

                                                      By M Nursyamsi, Sapto Andika

                                                      JAKARTA -- Indonesian Emergency Hospital for covid-19 patient is ready to operate since Monday (March, 23). President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) officially inaugurated the operation of the hospital located at Wisma Atlet Kemayoran, Jakarta, on Monday.

                                                      A total of two towers with a capacity of 3,000 beds in the Wisma Atlet Kemayoran Complex have been completed into an emergency hospital (RS) handling Covid-19. 

                                                      This health facility utilizing the 2018 Asian Games athletes' residences will support a similar hospital that has now been built on Galang Island, Riau Islands.

                                                      The government is in a race with time to prepare health facilities accommodating the surge in the number of positive patients from Covid-19.

                                                      In line with the rapid tests that will be conducted, the government predicts a significant increase in the number of people infected with corona. Rapid testing is projected to reveal more Covid-19 patients who have not been touched by a health test.

                                                      The president reviewed some of the facilities available such as the emergency department (IGD) and intensive care unit (ICU). The Covid-19 Emergency Hospital at Wisma Atay Kemayoran is also equipped with a pharmaceutical laboratory and a supervised care unit (HCU).

                                                      "I need to say that the Wisma Atlet (Athlete's House) has a capacity of 24 thousand people. At present, what has been prepared is for 3,000 patients with a spatial area that has been laid out with a good management," Jokowi said.

                                                      Covid-19 patient care will be focused on tower 6 and tower 7 Wisma Atlet Kemayoran. All medical personnel, including doctors and nurses, will also have a separate room to rest. 

                                                      The government, through the Ministry of BUMN, also ensures that all medical equipment is ready, such as personal protective equipment (PPE) to medical equipment to treat patients.

                                                      The use of corona emergency hospital will be divided into three zones. First, the green zone is Tower 1. This zone will be filled by the Covid-19 Handling Acceleration Task Force. Only people with an interest can enter this area. 

                                                      Second, the yellow zone is Tower 3. This zone will be filled by doctors, nurses and other paramedics. 

                                                      Third, the red zone is Tower 6-7 which is used as an emergency hospital handling Covid-19. Only those who use the full PPE can enter this zone besides the patient.

                                                      Minister of State-Owned Companies (BUMN) Erick Thohir revelaed his ministry has mobilized a number of state-owned companies (BUMN) to assist with the readiness of hospital at Wisma Athlete. 

                                                      A number of state-owned enterprises are tasked with repairing physical facilities, including preparing a number of negative-pressure floors which prevent viruses entering the ICU.

                                                      BUMN has provided personal protective equipment (PPE) for medical personnel on duty. The availability of PPE is sufficient.

                                                      Erick said that the management of Wisma Atlet will also be carried out by PT Hotel Indonesia Natour who has experience in providing professional services.

                                                      Erick explained the initial idea of ​​using the Kemayoran Athlete's House as an emergency hospital handling Covid-19 could not be separated from his experience when handling the Asian Games event two years ago.

                                                      With the development of an expanding pandemic, Erick said, it would be a shame if the facilities as big as Wisma Athayoran Athletes were not utilized to treat a growing number of patients.

                                                      "We convey to the President and he is very supportive. Therefore, now it has become like this. SOCs don't talk about what and why, all ministries work together to work hand in hand, the TNI Commander takes over operationally," Erick explained.

                                                      He asserted SOCs have the responsibility to ensure all medical equipment in this emergency hospital is fulfilled. Erick also ensured that the supply of medicines will be secured by SOCs that are engaged in drug production.

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                                                        • ]]> Elba Damhuri coronavirus, corona virus, covid-19, emergency hospital Why Indonesia Does Not Impose Lockdown? https://republika.co.id/berita/q7nbjb440/why-indonesia-does-not-impose-lockdown https://republika.co.id/berita/q7nbjb440/why-indonesia-does-not-impose-lockdown Tue, 24 Mar 2020 00:09:00 +0700 Elba Damhuri https://republika.co.id/berita/q7nbjb440/why-indonesia-does-not-impose-lockdown REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA

                                                          By Sapto Andika, Elba Damhuri

                                                          President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) has announced that Indonesia will not apply lockdown policy to combat the spread of potentially deadly Covid-19 virus. Indonesia's central government decided to introduce social distancing in easing and handling the coronavirus transmision in the country.

                                                          Jokowi believes that the most important thing in preventing the spread of the coronavirus today is reducing the mobility of the people from one place to another. He urged people not to gather or go to the crowd.

                                                          A member of the Expert Team for the Handling of the COVID-19, Professor Wiku Adisasmito, revealed the reason why the government had not imposed a lockdown. He said the lockdown policy would have implications for the economic, social, and security conditions in Indonesia.

                                                          "It is economically dangerous and therefore we have not entered into such situations and policies," said Wiku.

                                                          According to him, there are still many people in the country who depend on their daily wages to keep alive so that if the lockdown policy is implemented, it is feared that economic activity will become more difficult.

                                                          Most Indonesian labor force works in the informal sector where they working to fulfill their daily needs such buying staples or paying the bills.

                                                          Wiku explained there are so many people who work to rely on daily wages. "That is one of the concerns of the government, so that economic activity continues to run," he said.

                                                          Wiku asked for public to focus on implementing the government's call for social distancing or keeping a distance from social crowd. "Social distancing may not have to be linked to lockdown. Social distancing really makes social distance, that's what we have to do well," he said.

                                                          Lockdown, Too Extreme to Apply

                                                          Indonesian Government Spokesperson for Covid-19, Achmad Yurianto, said that the lockdown option to eradicate the spread of the coronavirus was too extreme. This is the basis for President Jokowi not to think of the lockdown policy.

                                                          He explained that lockdown not only covers the spread but the whole life is closed, such as the entry of food staples, business, and so on.

                                                          "It's simple, if there is a supply of drinking water from outside Jakarta, it cannot enter. LPG supply cannot enter because it is really closed. Therefore this is not the best choice, it is extreme," said the man who is familiarly called Yuri.

                                                          Many implications for Indonesian will take a place if lockdown is enforced. Those implications include the suffer of the middle to lower economic group because they depend on daily income. The economic activity cannot run well so that it can cause social problem.

                                                          Social distancing covers avoiding crowds, reducing being in public places, working from home, learning from home, and worshiping from home.

                                                          Yuri hopes that people in Indonesia are able to do social distancing well and he believes this method can successfully reduce the spread of the coronavirus.

                                                          Social distancing is not the only choice. Indonesia also took a number of additional actions to prevent the spread of the corona outbreak in the country. 

                                                          Jakarta suspends the free-visa policy, visa on arrival, and free diplomatic and service visas for one month. This policy applies to all foreign visitors from all countries, effective from March 20, 2020.

                                                          In addition, President Jokowi has ordered a rapid test with a large scale for early detection of patients who are likely to be exposed to the corona virus or COVID-19. This was successfully implemented in South Korea.

                                                          Indonesian Doctors Association's Suggestion

                                                          The Indonesian Doctors Association (IDI) has ordered the government to emphasize the application of social distancing in order to be able to run optimally. This is done as an alternative step if the government does not want to apply lockdown.

                                                          "This is a serious problem," IDI Covid-19 Task Force Chief Professor Zubairi Djoerban told, Monday (3/23).

                                                          He suggested translating social distancing into languages ​​that were more easily understood by the public. This language for example 'cancel a picnic', 'cancel a meeting', 'cancel a social gathering', and do not have any meetings but just staying at home.

                                                          He called on the government and appealed to the media to not only release information related to corona but to change public behavior.

                                                          According to him, if this is done decisively it is actually the same as restricting community access. However, he said, tightening the movement was another term for lockdown.

                                                          "Actually it's the same but that's another term, small lockdown," he said. 

                                                          ]]>
                                                          REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA

                                                          By Sapto Andika, Elba Damhuri

                                                          President Joko Widodo (Jokowi) has announced that Indonesia will not apply lockdown policy to combat the spread of potentially deadly Covid-19 virus. Indonesia's central government decided to introduce social distancing in easing and handling the coronavirus transmision in the country.

                                                          Jokowi believes that the most important thing in preventing the spread of the coronavirus today is reducing the mobility of the people from one place to another. He urged people not to gather or go to the crowd.

                                                          A member of the Expert Team for the Handling of the COVID-19, Professor Wiku Adisasmito, revealed the reason why the government had not imposed a lockdown. He said the lockdown policy would have implications for the economic, social, and security conditions in Indonesia.

                                                          "It is economically dangerous and therefore we have not entered into such situations and policies," said Wiku.

                                                          According to him, there are still many people in the country who depend on their daily wages to keep alive so that if the lockdown policy is implemented, it is feared that economic activity will become more difficult.

                                                          Most Indonesian labor force works in the informal sector where they working to fulfill their daily needs such buying staples or paying the bills.

                                                          Wiku explained there are so many people who work to rely on daily wages. "That is one of the concerns of the government, so that economic activity continues to run," he said.

                                                          Wiku asked for public to focus on implementing the government's call for social distancing or keeping a distance from social crowd. "Social distancing may not have to be linked to lockdown. Social distancing really makes social distance, that's what we have to do well," he said.

                                                          Lockdown, Too Extreme to Apply

                                                          Indonesian Government Spokesperson for Covid-19, Achmad Yurianto, said that the lockdown option to eradicate the spread of the coronavirus was too extreme. This is the basis for President Jokowi not to think of the lockdown policy.

                                                          He explained that lockdown not only covers the spread but the whole life is closed, such as the entry of food staples, business, and so on.

                                                          "It's simple, if there is a supply of drinking water from outside Jakarta, it cannot enter. LPG supply cannot enter because it is really closed. Therefore this is not the best choice, it is extreme," said the man who is familiarly called Yuri.

                                                          Many implications for Indonesian will take a place if lockdown is enforced. Those implications include the suffer of the middle to lower economic group because they depend on daily income. The economic activity cannot run well so that it can cause social problem.

                                                          Social distancing covers avoiding crowds, reducing being in public places, working from home, learning from home, and worshiping from home.

                                                          Yuri hopes that people in Indonesia are able to do social distancing well and he believes this method can successfully reduce the spread of the coronavirus.

                                                          Social distancing is not the only choice. Indonesia also took a number of additional actions to prevent the spread of the corona outbreak in the country. 

                                                          Jakarta suspends the free-visa policy, visa on arrival, and free diplomatic and service visas for one month. This policy applies to all foreign visitors from all countries, effective from March 20, 2020.

                                                          In addition, President Jokowi has ordered a rapid test with a large scale for early detection of patients who are likely to be exposed to the corona virus or COVID-19. This was successfully implemented in South Korea.

                                                          Indonesian Doctors Association's Suggestion

                                                          The Indonesian Doctors Association (IDI) has ordered the government to emphasize the application of social distancing in order to be able to run optimally. This is done as an alternative step if the government does not want to apply lockdown.

                                                          "This is a serious problem," IDI Covid-19 Task Force Chief Professor Zubairi Djoerban told, Monday (3/23).

                                                          He suggested translating social distancing into languages ​​that were more easily understood by the public. This language for example 'cancel a picnic', 'cancel a meeting', 'cancel a social gathering', and do not have any meetings but just staying at home.

                                                          He called on the government and appealed to the media to not only release information related to corona but to change public behavior.

                                                          According to him, if this is done decisively it is actually the same as restricting community access. However, he said, tightening the movement was another term for lockdown.

                                                          "Actually it's the same but that's another term, small lockdown," he said. 

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