REPUBLIKA.CO.ID, JAKARTA -- During Bonn Climate Change Conference (BCCC) 2021 held in Bonn virtually for 3 weeks from May 31 to June 17, 2021, Indonesia delivered its statement which is hoped to be the attention off all attending countries for the success of COP 26 UNFCCC in Glasgow from 1-12 November 2021.
Indonesia stated that there are some matters that should become the focus. They are: Pushing finalization of Article 6 Paris Agreement, then encouraging common time frame NDC discussion in 10-year cycle with review on the 5th year, and also encouraging the meeting as a chance to elaborate modality of Common Reporting Table (CRT) to GRK Inventory and Common Reporting Format (CRF) for the progress of NDC in transparent frame agenda.
Next, Indonesia also emphasizes on developed countries’ commitment towards accountable, adequate, and transparent mobilization of 100 billion USD per year until 2020, and double the amount by 2025. Then, emphasizes on the importance of adaptive element which should be treated in balance with mitigation on implementing Paris Agreement, and speed up implementation of Koronivia Joint Work on Agriculture.
“Crucial issues that will be discussed in BCCC are, among others, the finalization of Paris Rule Book, which is the technical regulation of Article 6 of the Paris Agreement, Transparency, common time frames for NDC, global stock take, and funding for Adaptation,” said Laksmi Dhewanthi, Director General of Climate Change Control of Ministry of Environment and Forestry as a National Focal Point to the UNFCCC Indonesia in press release.
BCCC or known as SBSTA (Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice) dan SBI (Subsidiary Body for Implementation) in 2021 is titled as 2021 May-June Climate Change Conference. This conference will be held informally and will not make any formal decisions until the member countries meet in person. The agenda of the meeting substantially reflects the mandate that should be conducted in 2020 and 2021 and also prepare the modality for COP 26 UNFCCC in Glasgow.
May June Climate Conference 2021 has been officially opened on May 31, 2021, by the President of COP25 the President of COP26. To tackle problems and challenges of virtual meeting, the session has been stretched to three weeks from two weeks. The time table is modified to accommodate countries with different time zones, for instance in week-1, Indonesia gets the schedule at 20.00-24.00, in week-2 Indonesia gets 04.00-07.00, and in week-3 Indonesia gets 08.00-11.00.
On her speech, the President of COP 25 Ms. Carolina Schmidt, urged every party to maximize progress in the session and encourage solidarity level and new commitment. Schmidt focused on transparency issue, market, adaptation, and funding on climate change. Meanwhile, Mr Alok Sharma, President of COP 26 stated that the world is focusing on the issue and encouraging every party to use the session to generate draft text for COP 26 for finalization and adoption.
Executive Secretary of UNFCCC Ms. Patricia Espinosa said that this year we have see some momentum of climate change, worsening climate emergency, inconsistent plans, and late negotiations. Espinosa urged for leadership and trust, and emphasized on the importance of funding for climate change.
During the opening, Indonesian Delegation was led by Laksmi Dhewanthi, Director General of Climate Change Control of Ministry of Environment and Forestry as a National Focal Point to the UNFCCC Indonesia. There are 100 delegation from Indonesia, coming from ministries and institutions: Coordinating Ministry of Maritime and Investment, Ministry of Environment and Forestry, Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Agriculture, Ministry of Finance, Ministry of Transportation, Cabinet Secretary, Indonesia Research Institute on Decarbonization (IRID), University of Indonesia, Mercy Corps, and National Committee Indonesia-World Energy Council.